Relationship Between Work-Related Stress and Accidents: Moderating Role of Safety Factors

Authors

  • Pralhad Adhikari Assistant professor of the Department of Psychology and Philosophy, Tri-Chandra Multiple College, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nccsrj.v2i1.60085

Keywords:

safety climate, safety compliance, inadaptability theory, errors, accidents

Abstract

Work-related stress has been identified as a risk factor for accidents according to the inadaptability theory of accident causation. The same theory says that increasing adaptability can reduce accidents. So, safety culture can be expected to be a moderator in the relationship between work-related stress and errors or accidents (as a composite construct). A survey was conducted among 431 employees from various industries using the job stress index, safety culture scale, and workplace error-accident history scale with the aim of testing if safety culture mitigates the relationship between workplace stress and errors/accidents. Work-related stress and errors/accidents correlated significantly, r=.18, p<.01. However, safety culture was not found to moderate their relationship. The conclusion is that a safety culture may not reduce the accidents caused because of work-related stress, and alternatives need to be sought. However, other studies with more methodological rigor or more objective data are needed to verify this conclusion.

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Published

2023-11-27

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Articles