Study of Poisoning Cases Admitted in ICU of Western Regional Hospital
Keywords:ICU, poisoning, western regional hospital
Introduction: Acute poisoning, irrespective of the etiology, is a medical emergency which requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. Such cases require ICU set up for better management. Central level hospitals in Nepal have ICU facilities to manage such cases.
Materials and Methods: Current study is a retrospective type hospital based study conducted in Western Regional Hospital, Pokhara. Data collected from ICU department of Hospital in a period of one year from 2073 Ashad 16 to 2074 Ashad 16. It was analyzed and presented.
Results: In this study it is observed that total 90 cases admitted in ICU department of WRH in a period of one year. Female patients outnumbered the male patients. Age group of 10-20 years is predominance in present study. Most of the patients were from Kaski district as the hospital belongs to Kaski district and one of the renowned tertiary care centers in the Gandaki province. Maximum number of patients consumed the OP compound. Outcome was better as out of 90 cases 80 were discharged and only 10 were died during the course of treatment.
Conclusion: Early identification of the cause and type of poisoning, close monitoring and standard management, preferably in the ICU for at least a first few days, reduces the complication and improves the survival. The commonly available insecticides and rodenticides are the most common cause of acute poisoning.
© Medical Journal of Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences