Utopia Turns into Dystopia: Orwell’s Critic of Stalinist Marxist Innovativeness in Animal Farm

Authors

  • Rajendra Prasad Pant Kailali Multiple Campus, Dhangadhi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/kmcj.v6i1.62335

Keywords:

Marxism, modernism, proletariats, revolution, socialism, Soviet-union

Abstract

This paper aims to examine modernity in Marxism as an allegory of the animals' revolution in George Orwell's Animal Farm. The major concern of this paper is to explore the modernity and its impact of utopian Marxist conception of state considering essential characteristics of political movements and the possible relationship existed between them. One  is  immediately puzzled  by  the  fact that  modernist  literature, art, and political theory seem to have little or  nothing to do with Marxism, and are, in fact, reactionary to  Marxism.  Modernity in Marxism is change in the life of the people belonging to lower class or proletariats. The research tool used for research is Marxism and modernity, with reference to Robert Bocock, Abram L. Harris, and Henri Lefebvre. The research methodology used for analysis is textual analysis. The major finding is the concept of Utopia where there is everybody happy and prosperous; that is the main idea of this concept from Marxism. This notion of modernism comes into existence from different political movements in global context. The historically changing process is the base for the modernity in the society that shows the abuse of power practised by Stalin in Russia in the name of Marxism.

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Published

2024-01-31

How to Cite

Pant, R. P. (2024). Utopia Turns into Dystopia: Orwell’s Critic of Stalinist Marxist Innovativeness in Animal Farm. KMC Journal, 6(1), 122–134. https://doi.org/10.3126/kmcj.v6i1.62335

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Articles