Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding Cervical Cancer Screening among Married Women Attending in a Tertiary Hospital

Authors

  • Biva Shrestha Man Mohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Durga Subedi Department of Women’s Health & Development, Maharajgunj Nursing Campus, Nepal
  • Krishna Devi Shrestha Department of Adult Health Nursing, Maharajgunj Nursing Campus, Nepal

Keywords:

Attitude, Cervical Cancer, Knowledge, Practice, Screening

Abstract

Introduction: Globally, cervical cancer is a serious burden on reproductive health of women which is preventable through early detection. The objective of this study was to find out the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding cervical cancer screening among the married women.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional research was conducted in Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH). Non-probability purposive sampling technique was adopted. Data was collected using a structured interview questionnaire among 195 respondents from Gynae OPD. Data analysis was done by descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: More than two third of the respondents (67.7%) had adequate knowledge regarding cervical cancer screening, 60% had inadequate practice and all the respondents had positive attitudes of screening. Most of the respondents (86.2%) said that having multiple sexual partner followed by sexually transmitted infection (84.1%) & multiparty (75.4%) were the causes and 84.6% stated that increased vaginal discharge, post-menopausal bleeding (79.5%) and irregular menstruation (67.2%) were the symptoms of cervical cancer. Almost all respondents (97.4%) said that early screening as preventive measures. The level of knowledge tends to be associated with age of the respondents and their socio-economic status (p=<0.05) whereas in practice, there was no association between selected variables.

Conclusion: Although respondents had adequate knowledge and positive attitude on cervical cancer and its screening, less than half of the respondents only practice Pap smear test as screening. The level of knowledge tends to be significantly associated with age of the respondents and their socio-economic status.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.62143/9sbdcg94

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Shrestha, B., Subedi, D., & Shrestha, K. D. (2023). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding Cervical Cancer Screening among Married Women Attending in a Tertiary Hospital. Journal of Nursing Education of Nepal, 14(1), 21–28. Retrieved from https://nepjol.info/index.php/jonen/article/view/66627

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Original Articles