Cardiovascular Health Risk Behavior Among Undergraduate Students of Purbanchal University School of Health Sciences, Morang, Nepal

Authors

  • Menuka Shrestha Department of Community Health Nursing, Purbanchal University School of Health Sciences Morang Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9661-3447
  • Dipti Subba 2Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Purbanchal University School of Health Sciences Morang Nepal
  • Namu Koirala Department of Child Health Nursing, Purbanchal University School of Health Sciences Morang Nepal
  • Surya Bahadur Parajuli Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Morang, Nepal
  • Uma Pradhan Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Purbanchal University School of Health Sciences Morang Nepal

Keywords:

Cardiovascular Disease, Health Risk Behavior, Undergraduate Students

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are listed as one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity. Lifestyle-related behavioral risk factors are mainly implicated in the increased burden of cardiovascular diseases. The study aims to assess the cardiovascular health risk behavior among undergraduate students.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from March to August 2020 among 180 undergraduate university students. Data was collected online through a web link using an edited WHO-NCD stepwise approach questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS. Ethical clearance was obtained from the IRC of Purbanchal University School of Health Sciences.

Results: The majority (96.7%) of respondents were female, nearly half (47.2%) were from nursing, and most (81.7%) were unmarried and had a single family (76.7%). Among them, 5.4% were occasional smokers. Most (72.2%) of the students started to consume alcohol. Although 81% of them thought that lowering salt intake in their diet was very important, 74.4% of students often eat processed foods high in salt. Almost all (95%) of students said that extra salt or salty sauce in their diet could cause health problems. However 65% of them were not doing anything regularly to control salt intake, and 77% of the students did not practice any physical exercise. Few (5.6%) and (2.2%) students had raised blood pressure and total cholesterol levels, respectively.

Conclusion: The undergraduate students have insufficient physical activity, inadequate fruit intake, and use of high levels of salt and salty products. Therefore, intervention is required to reduce these high-risk behaviors, related to cardiovascular diseases in the future.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.62143/8e82yh78

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Shrestha, M., Subba, D., Koirala, N., Parajuli, S. B., & Pradhan, U. (2023). Cardiovascular Health Risk Behavior Among Undergraduate Students of Purbanchal University School of Health Sciences, Morang, Nepal. Journal of Nursing Education of Nepal, 14(1), 9–13. Retrieved from https://nepjol.info/index.php/jonen/article/view/66519

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Original Articles