Journal of Management and Development Studies <p>Official journal of the Nepal Administrative Staff College, Jawalakhel, Lalitpur, Nepal. Also available on the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">NASC website</a>.</p> <p>The Journal of Management and Development Studies is the new name for <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Administration and Management Review </a>which has now ceased publication.</p> Nepal Administrative Staff College en-US Journal of Management and Development Studies 2392-4888 <p>© Nepal Administrative Staff College</p> Local Development Planning in Nepal: Does it Actually Reflect Citizen Participation? <p>Active participation and meaningful engagement of citizens in local development planning and discussion are the prime agendas of development governance in Nepal. Both state and non-state actors have placed great emphasis on citizen participation in local development planning and discussion through their plans, policies, and programmes. However, evidence shows that there is a low level of citizen participation and engagement. It is worrisome that these policies, plans, and programmes adopted by the state and non-state actors have not been able to deliver the expected results. In this regard, this paper aims to analyse citizen participation in local development planning and discussion. For this, it used the evidence generated by Nepal National Governance Survey 2017/18 and analysed the data using the logistic regression model. The results indicate that the degree of citizen participation in local development planning and discussion is relatively low. Nearly 30 percent of citizens reported that they participated in the local development planning and discussion in the past. It is remarkable to note that citizen participation varies according to their background characteristics.</p> Anil Kumar Gupta Copyright (c) 2021 Nepal Administrative Staff College 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 30 1 1 13 10.3126/jmds.v30i1.36345 Impact of Foreign Exchange Reserve on Economic Growth in Nepal <p>This study primarily focuses on the analysis of the contributions of foreign exchange reserve to the economic growth of Nepal by using time series data obtained from the year 1975 to 2018 A.D. In order to assess a relationship between these variables, statistical procedure of unit root test, cointegration and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) are applied. In addition to the t-statistics, Wald-test for joint significance of coefficients is applied and VECM is performed for testing the impact of the past values of foreign exchange on dependent variables which show the nation’s economic growth. Based on the statistical outcome; Johansen cointegration test indicates the existence of the long-run relationship among variables. The Vector Error Correction outcome and Wald statistics confirm that the past values of foreign exchange have a positive contribution to the economic growth; and foreign exchange reserve has contributed to the economic growth of Nepal.</p> Raghu Raj Kaphle Copyright (c) 2021 Nepal Administrative Staff College 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 30 1 14 23 10.3126/jmds.v30i1.36347 Public Expenditure in Nepal: A Case of Transportation Sector <p>The rapid growth in public investment in various sectors was assumed after decades of conflict and an unstable political situation. With the declaration of the Federal Republic, Nepal is going to embark on accelerated economic growth. This has somewhat caused concerns among policymakers of its implication for economic growth. And the government investment in transportation infrastructure is one of the core strategies, called the ‘infrastructure of infrastructures’. The main aim of this study is, therefore, to explain the relationship between economic growth and public expenditure in the transportation sector in Nepal. Primarily, this study has focused on the distinction of expenditures in the five-year development plans in three systems (Panchayat, Democratic, and Republic). This study used time series data collected between 1975 and 2016. The statistical and econometric tools have been used for the study. The result shows that the trend of government investment on public expenditure has increased in the Republic system. This study reveals that the variables are stationary on the first difference. The obtained regression model is satisfactory by diagnostic tests (errors are normally distributed, no serial correlation, and homoscedastic). The data explain the positive and significant influence of Transportation Capital Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product, and, hence, it is contributing to economic growth. Furthermore, the results show short-run unidirectional causation from Transportation Capital Expenditure to Gross Domestic Product.</p> Narayan Prasad Ghimire Copyright (c) 2021 Nepal Administrative Staff College 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 30 1 24 36 10.3126/jmds.v30i1.36348 Remittances and Development in Nepal: A Disaggregated Analysis <p>Remittance flows into low/middle-income counties are on a continuous rise and this trend is seen in Nepal as well. There is a constant increase in the number of the Nepalese workers migrating for foreign employment and that has been instrumental to boost the remittance inflow into the country. Remittance is contributing significantly to Gross Domestic Product and is emerging as a backbone of the country’s economy. However, the ways remittances contribute to social development necessitates that many facets of development be explored because they affect the country’s development in multiple ways. This study attempts to analyse the possibility that remittance positively contributes to social development, considering health and educational development as its proxies. Based on the latest available disaggregated educational enrolment and nutrition data of 2009 A.D. by districts, this study analyses the impact of the remittances on school enrolment and improvement in health status of families who remain at home. The results show a significant relationship between remittance and school enrolment but it also shows an insignificant relationship between remittance and health. The findings may be of interest to the countries and the policy makers with remittance being the dominant source of foreign currency. As the results of this study have indicated that remittances may serve as a contributing factor to the educational enrolment for social development.</p> Shiva Hari Adhikari Copyright (c) 2021 Nepal Administrative Staff College 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 30 1 37 50 10.3126/jmds.v30i1.36350