Journal of Fine Arts Campus <p>The Journal of Fine Arts Campus is a multidisciplinary journal published by Lalitkala Campus, Tribhuvan University, Bhotahity, Kathmandu, Nepal.</p> en-US (Dr. Dhrubesh Chandra Regmi) (Sioux Cumming) Tue, 13 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Perceptions of Academicians towards Instructional Practices of Music Education in Tribhuvan University <p>Music is a subject through which one can express their feelings in an artistic way including melody and rhythm. The aim of the research was to study the perception of academicians towards the present context of the curriculum, teaching methods, and evaluation system of music education at Tribhuvan University (TU). The qualitative research design was employed in the research. 23 academicians from TU were purposively selected for data collection and data were analyzed by descriptive and word cloud methods. The finding indicates that the teaching methods, examination system, and methods of designing curriculum are traditional in music education on TU. Additionally, the participants of this research suggested that the stakeholders should be serious, sensitive, and careful to adopt modern instructional practices in music education-related programs. Furthermore, modern technologies and changing aspects of society should be incorporated into the curriculum and pedagogical practices. The finding of this research is applicable to improving the current policy and practices of music education programs on TU.</p> Ramesh Pokharel Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Common Patterns in Contemporary Nepali Arts, Life and Society <p>There are common trends and patterns in contemporary Nepal arts, politics, society, culture and education along with other dimensions of life. Such similarities suggest the interconnectedness of diverse dimensions of reality. One area mirrors the other one. Looking at art, we can infer the life and culture of the people. Superstructure is reflected in the base; and the base has been reflected in superstructure. Hypocrisy, pretention and imitation are the common patterns of Nepali art, culture and life in contemporary context. Due to such features, the foundation of the nation is shaking. The things that need to remain in the foundation are drifting on the surface. The drama of art, agriculture, education and politics will not support life and survival. It is just for showing until the disaster takes place. When there will be critical and catastrophic situation, we are sure to be drowned. Before this apocalypse, it is necessary to do little things that are real which enhance our art and life, which add a little stone on the foundation of the civilization. This research paper analyzes contemporary Nepali artworks and links them to cultural, social and political dimensions of the contemporary context. This is qualitative research since it interprets arts and events, and the interpretations can be multiple.</p> Yam Prasad Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Historical Context and Present Scenario of Madal <p>Madal is a two-faced hand drum used in Nepali music. It is also well-known throughout the world as a percussion instrument commonly employed in Nepali traditional music. In terms of its structure and playing style, limited works of literature and treatise have mentioned some rhythmic instruments akin to the madal. The origins of the madal have been linked to ancient instruments such as the mridanga, mardal, and muraj. The evolving trend of this musical instrument has been thoroughly examined in this study. The sources of information for this study were textual reviews and field trip notes. Furthermore, the researcher has also reviewed some research studies focusing on the caste and communities associated with madal. As a result, the current study is intended to be a valuable resource for people interested in learning more about madal. Similarly, this study has underlined the importance of madal in the current global context.</p> Parsuram Prasad Poudel Copyright (c) 2021 Lalitkala Campus, Bhotahity, Kathmandu, Nepal Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Abstract Thought: Production of New Knowledge for the Development of Human Civilization <p>Abstract thought is the key source of new knowledge production for the development of human civilization. It is the mental state of being able to visualize or imagine beyond the physical world’s existence. Abstract thought has formed the basis of creativity, experimentation, and innovation. Analyzing ideas, creating information, solving problems, composing new ideas, and creating things are sources of new knowledge. So, the human abstract thinking process or thought is the result of new knowledge. New knowledge has always played a vital role in human advancement. The theory of empiricism is that all knowledge is based on experience derived from the senses. Transcendental idealism is another theory that is a term applied to the epistemology of German philosopher Immanuel Kant, who seized that the human self produces knowledge out of sense impressions. Transcendental is the ability to go beyond the usual limits; existence or experience beyond the normal or physical level is abstract. Kant attempts to synthesize sense perception and existing forms of the ideal realm above material reality. Abstract thoughts help people make it possible to imagine, visualize, and exercise to produce new knowledge. New knowledge plays a vital role in developing tools and new ideas that build up the quality of human life. This research theorizes that abstract thought is the root source of producing new knowledge for the development of human civilization. The core objective of this study is how abstract thought produces new knowledge. This study has focused on the imagination and visualization of the human thinking process to create new knowledge in art, science, and human civilization. The qualitative research model is adopted to analyze, interpret, and theorize this research paper.</p> Krishma Prakash Shah Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Dance on Physical Fitness <p>A series of steps and movements that body matches the speed and rhythm of a piece of music is known as Dance. It allows people to be more active, socialize and develop creative and physical skills. Regular exercise has been long associated with a fewer visit to the doctor, hospitalization and medication. Physical activity can help to prevent or manage a wide range of health problems and concerns, including stroke, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, depression, and certain types of cancer, arthritis and falls. The main objective of this study is to analyze and describe the impact of dance on our body and mind. Through this article reader can perceive the significance of dance as physical fitness not only entertainment.</p> Sujata Baral Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 नेपाली समसामयिक चित्रकलाः राजनैतिक गतिशीलताको प्रतिविम्व (Contemporary Nepali Painting: A Reflection of Political Dynamics) <p>नेपाली समसामयिक चित्रकलामा राजनैतिक गतिशीलताले निम्त्याएको परिदृश्य प्रतिविम्वित चित्रहरुमा एत्रतत्र सर्वत्र पाउन सकिन्छ । नेपालको संस्कृतिक, बहुभाषिक विविधताले भरिएका देशमा अनेकन राजनैतिक उथलपुथल भएको देखिन्छ्र । पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले एकीकरण अभियान संगै थालेको आधुनिक नेपाल माथि टेक्दै एंग्लो–नेपाल युद्वको परिणाम स्वरूप सृजित सुगौली सन्धिको ढोकाबाट प्रवेश पाएको सभ्य, व्यवस्थित र परिस्कृत पश्चिमा शैलीले परम्परा विपरित आधुनिकताको परिदृश्यलाई सीमांकन गरी कछुवाको गतिमा अघि बढेको पाउन सकिन्छ । राजनैतिक विग्रहमा तिनका ध्यानाकर्षण र हटेका ठाँउहरुमा बनेका प्रतिबिम्बात्मक धार्मिक चित्रहरु, राणाकालिन ब्यक्तिचित्रहरु, वि. सं. २००७ को प्रजातन्त्र वाहाली पछिका यथार्थ र अमुर्त चित्रहरु, र बि.सं. २०४७ सालको प्रजातान्त्रिक पुनर्वाहाली पश्चात जातीय, लैंगिक, क्षेत्रीय चित्रहरुमा ठिमाह, द्विविधा, र बहुलताको पहिचानलाई आत्मसाथ गर्दै अघि बढेको प्रष्ट देख्न सकिन्छ ।</p> <p>(The scenario caused by political dynamics in Nepali contemporary painting can be found everywhere in the reflected paintings. There seems to be a lot of political upheaval in Nepal, a country full of cultural and multilingual diversity. Prithvi Narayan Shah started with the unification campaign, leaning on the modern Nepal, which was created as a result of the Anglo-Nepal war. It can be seen that the civilized, orderly and refined western style, which entered through the door of the Sugauli Treaty, has demarcated the landscape of modernity contrary to the tradition, and has moved forward at the speed of a turtle. His attention to political idols and reflective religious paintings made in remote places, personal portraits of Rana period, V. No. 2007 post-democracy real and abstract paintings, and B.S. After the democratic restoration of 2047, it can be clearly seen that the ethnic, gender, and regional pictures have moved forward by embracing the identity of diversity, duality, and plurality.)</p> Pak Bahadur Thapa Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 नेपालको सङ्गीत क्षेत्रमा सङ्गीत प्रवीण नरराज ढकालको योगदान (Music expert Nararaj Dhakal's contribution to the music field of Nepal) <p>नेपाली भूगोलमा बसोबास गर्ने नेपालीहरूको पहिचान बोकेका र प्रचलनमा रहेका सबै सङ्गीतहरू नेपाली सङ्गीत हुन् । लोक, शास्त्रीय, परम्परागत, आधुनिक गरी सबै विधाका सङ्गीतहरू नेपालमा प्रचलित छन् । शास्त्रीय सङ्गीत क्षेत्रका तपोमूर्ति, सङ्गीतमा सबैको प्रेरणाका स्रोत सङ्गीत प्रवीण नरराज ढकाल प्रायः सबैले सम्मानपूर्वक लिने नाम हो । यस अध्ययनमार्फत उहाँको साङ्गीतिक योगदानलाई अझ नजिकबाट नियाल्ने लक्ष्य लिइएको छ । यस विषयको अध्ययन तथा विश्लेषण गुणात्मक विधिद्वारा गरिएको छ । जस अन्तर्गत उहाँलाई सबै भन्दा नजिकबाट चिन्ने र जानकारी राख्ने व्यक्तित्वहरूको समूह (पारिवारिक सदस्यसंगको प्रत्यक्ष अन्तरवार्ता) मा गरिएको गहिरो छलफललाई अध्ययनको प्राथमिक स्रोतका रूपमा प्रयोग गरिएको छ । साथै उहाँका छापिएका कृति तथा योगदानलाई अध्ययनको सहायक स्रोतको रूपमा प्रयोग गरिएको छ । प्राप्त तथ्यहरूको विश्लेषण गर्दा सङ्गीत प्रवीण नरराज ढकाल सङ्घर्षपूर्ण जीवनका खुड्किलाहरू पार गर्दै, सिमित साधन र स्रोतबाट पनि नेपालको सङ्गीत क्षेत्रलाई धनि बनाउन ठूलो योगदान गर्ने व्यक्तित्व भएको पाइएको छ । उहाँ शास्त्रीय सङ्गीतमा मात्रै नभएर लोक तथा आधुनिक गीत सङ्गीतमा पनि दख्खल रहेको बहुप्रतिभाशाली व्यक्तित्व रहेको पनि पाइएको छ । यस अध्ययनबाट प्राप्त परिणामका आधारमा यस लेखले नेपालका शास्त्रीय सङ्गीतका स्रष्टाहरू मध्ये सङ्गीत प्रवीण नरराज ढकालको योगदान बारे थप जानकारी प्राप्त गर्न सक्नेछन् ।</p> <p>(All the popular music that carries the identity of Nepali people living in Nepali geography is Nepali music. Folk, classical, traditional, modern music of all genres are popular in Nepal. The icon of classical music, the source of inspiration for everyone in music, Musician Praveen Narraj Dhakal is a name that is respected by almost everyone. The aim of this study is to take a closer look at his musical contribution. The study and analysis of this subject has been done by qualitative method. Under which the in-depth discussion conducted with a group of personalities who know him most closely and have information (direct interviews with family members) has been used as the primary source of the study. Also, his published works and contributions have been used as auxiliary sources of study. Analyzing the facts, it has been found that the music expert Narraj Dhakal, overcoming the pitfalls of his life, has contributed greatly to enriching the music sector of Nepal even with limited means and resources. It has been found that he is a multi-talented personality who is proficient not only in classical music but also in folk and modern song music. Based on the results obtained from this study, this article can get more information about the contribution of Music Praveen Narraj Dhakal, one of the classical music creators of Nepal.)</p> Shiva Raj Poudel Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 सङ्गीतमा घराना सम्बन्धी अवधारणा : एक विश्लेषण (The Concept of Gharana in Music: An Analysis) <p>घराना वा घरानेदार भन्ने शब्दले शास्त्रीय सङ्गीतको क्षेत्रमा विशेष स्थान वा विशिष्टता बुझिने गर्दछ । दक्षिण एसियाली शास्त्रीय सङ्गीत अन्तर्गत घरानेदार एवं संस्थागत दुई प्रकारबाट सङ्गीत सिक्ने प्रचलन रहीआएको छ । घरानेदार शिक्षा विशेष गुण एवं प्रतिभा भएका विद्यार्थीहरूलाई मात्र प्रदान गरिने प्रचलन रहेको छ । परम्परा एवं घरानामा तात्विक भिन्नता हुने हुँदा कुनै विशेष परम्परालाई घरानाको मान्यता प्राप्त हुनका लागि नितान्त आवश्यकता पर्ने अवयव के के हुन् ? भारत वर्षीय शास्त्रीय सङ्गीतमा कुन–कुन घराना हाल विद्यमान रहेका छन् ? शास्त्रीय सङ्गीत सिक्ने सिकाउने प्रक्रियामा गण्डा बन्धन के हो र यसको महत्व किन छ ?साथै वर्तमान समयमा घरानेदार शिक्षण पद्धति किन आवश्यक छ ? आदि प्रश्नहरूको उत्तर प्रस्तुत लेख मार्फत खोज्ने प्रयत्न गरिएको छ । प्राथमिक साक्षात्कार एवं द्वितीयक श्रोतको विभिन्न पुस्तक, शोधग्रन्थ, लेखहरूको सहयोगमा प्रस्तुत लेख विश्लेषणात्मक रूपमा तयार गरिएको छ । खोजको क्रममा नेपाल र भारतमा हाल प्रचलनमा रहेका घरानाको बारेमा उपलब्ध जानकारी प्रस्तुत गरिएको छ । प्रस्तुत लेखले दक्षिण एसियाली राष्ट्रहरूमा सङ्गीतको व्याकरणको रूपमा रहेको शास्त्रीय सङ्गीत अन्तर्गत भारत एवं नेपालमा घरानाको अवधारणा कस्तो रहेको छ भन्ने बारेमा शास्त्रीय सङ्गीत प्रति रूचि राख्ने विद्यार्थीहरू एवं शोध कर्ताहरूलाई आवश्यक जानकारी प्राप्त हुनेछ ।</p> <p>(The word gharana or gharanedar means a special place or specialty in the field of classical music. Under South Asian classical music, there is a trend of learning music through two types of household and institutional. There is a trend of providing home-based education only to students with special qualities and talents. Since there is a fundamental difference between tradition and gharana, what are the components that are absolutely necessary for a particular tradition to be recognized as a gharana? Which houses are currently existing in Indian classical music? What is ganda bandhan in the learning process of learning classical music and why is it important? Also why is gharanedar teaching method necessary at present? An attempt has been made to find answers to such questions through the presented article. The presented article has been prepared analytically with the help of primary interviews and various books, research papers and articles from secondary sources. During the search, available information about gharana currently in vogue in Nepal and India has been presented. The presented article will provide necessary information to students and researchers who are interested in classical music about the concept of gharana in India and Nepal under classical music as a grammar of music in South Asian countries.)</p> Wenkatesh Dhakal Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000