Journal of Development and Social Engineering https://nepjol.info/index.php/jdse <p>The <em>Journal of Development and Social Engineering </em>(ISSN: 2382-5332) is an interdisciplinary journal published biannually by the School of Development and Social Engineering, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Pokhara University. The journal is committed to advancing education, practice, research and policymaking. The journal provides a forum for scholars and practitioners from interdisciplinary areas the diverse interdisciplinary viewpoints and to discuss theories and practices on contemporary development and social engineering.</p> School of Development and Social Engineering, Pokhara University en-US Journal of Development and Social Engineering 2382-5332 <p>Copyright © Journal of Development and Social Engineering, School of Development and Social Engineering, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Pokhara University. All rights reserved. The School of Development and Social Engineering, Pokhara University holds the exclusive copyright of all the contents of this journal. No part of this journal may be reproduced or transmitted by any media or publishing organizations including websites without the written permission of the copyright holder. The contents of this journal are available for any citation, using a recognized and proper referencing system.</p> Socio-Economic and Health Status of Elderly People in Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/jdse/article/view/54258 <p>Old age is the time associated with biological, psychological and social changes. This study aims to explore the socio-economic and health status among the elderly people. A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among 136 elderly who were the received old age allowance of Kusma municipality, Parbat. Elderly of aged 60 years &amp; above were selected for the study by cluster sampling method. The information was collected through interview scheduled by semi structured questionnaire with quantitative and qualitative methods. Focused group discussion and case study also carried out. The major part of the elderly population was in the<br />age group of 70-75 (29.4%) and 75-80 (22.8%) years. Sixty-eight percent elderly were illiterate and majority (71.3%) has land ownership. There is no any income source of elderly except old age allowance (94.1%). The most health problem was gastric, sugar and pressure problem as found in 44.85%. Nearly two -fifth (37.5%) were suffering from physical; heart related and bone related problems. Types of family and health status of elderly are significance at 5% level of significance (Chi-square). The results of the study show that family support, and old age allowance schemes have a positive impact on the social and health status of the elderly. The government has to care for the elderly people with special provision to increase their quality of life and make their life healthy and productive.</p> Bhanu Bhakta Paudel Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 8 01 1 8 10.3126/jdse.v8i01.54258 Impact of Old Age Allowance on Socio-Economic Well being of Elderly People in Pokhara https://nepjol.info/index.php/jdse/article/view/54259 <p>This study aims to examine the impact of old age allowance on socio-economic wellbeing of elderly people in Pokhara. For this purpose, out of total 630 recipients of old age allowance in Pokhara Metropolitan-26, 135 respondents have been purposively selected. Information was collected from these respondents using structured questionnaire. Both descriptive as well as inferential statistics were used for the analysis. The mean score analysis shows that old age allowance helps to increase feeling of honor that government is taking care of them, increase their self-respect, financial independency, meet household expenditure, fulfillment of basic needs such as foods needs and purchase of health facilities and medicine. From this we can conclude that old age allowance plays a very important role in socio-economic wellbeing of the beneficiaries. Similarly, independent sample t-test shows that there is significant change in socio-economic wellbeing in education, and ethnic group. However, there is no any significant change in socio-economic wellbeing in gender, marital status, family type, size of family, occupation and monthly income of family of the respondents.</p> Deepesh Ranabhat Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 8 01 9 15 10.3126/jdse.v8i01.54259 Characteristics of Circumstances and Influential Forces of Migration in Nepal (1990-2016): An Integrative Literature Review https://nepjol.info/index.php/jdse/article/view/54260 <p>The aftermath of conflicts and better livelihood as well as financial opportunities are the main push-pull factors of migration in Nepal. The authors surveyed several articles published between 1990 and 2016, which feature the various dimensions of both internal and international migration in Nepal such as; the context of migration, challenges of acculturation, and also forms of migration other than labor migration. This integrative literature review was undertaken in order to explore the inherent characteristics of both internal as well as international migration in Nepal. We found that a lack of employment opportunity in their home country caused a significant rise in the international migration from Nepal, mainly to Gulf countries. Besides that, the review also explores the factors of better livelihood opportunities in urban areas and the impact of conflicts as potential reasons of internal migration in Nepal. This research disseminates awareness of the inherent factors of both internal and international migration patterns in Nepal which will be supportive to the concerned government authorities in systematizing new migration policies.</p> Narayan Ghimire Wendy Hillman Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 8 01 16 23 10.3126/jdse.v8i01.54260 Old Age Allowance and Gender Inequality in Decision Making among Dalit in Pokhara https://nepjol.info/index.php/jdse/article/view/54262 <p>The main aim of this paper is to explore gender inequality in decision making role among Dalit community getting Old Age Allowance (OAA) in Pokhara. For this purpose, out of 553 Dalit respondents who were getting OAA, 131 respondents have been proportionately distributed in randomly selected four wards (13, 16, 26 and 29) of Pokhara. Information was collected from these respondents using structured questionnaire. A multistage sampling technique was applied during the sample collection. Chi-squared test was applied to find the association of different decision making role of the respondents with gender. The indicators of the decision making role of the respondents taken in this study are ‘The voice is heard more and given more importance’, ‘Advice is sought on important affairs’ and ‘Actively involved in the decision making’. The information of these indicators of decision making role of the respondents was collected before and after getting OAA among friends, in family and in society. It is found that the proportion of male is higher than the female in all the indicators of decision making role of the respondents before and after getting OAA. However, the percentage of the male and female was increased after getting OAA. Further, the decision making indicators like actively involved in the decision making in Society’ before and after getting OAA, actively involved in the decision making among friends after getting OAA, and advice is sought on important affairs in society after getting OAA have significant association with gender.</p> Mala Ranabhat Ananta Raj Dhungana Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 8 01 24 28 10.3126/jdse.v8i01.54262 Seeking Stanislavski Techniques of Actor Training in Nepalese Context from His Book An Actor Prepares https://nepjol.info/index.php/jdse/article/view/54265 <p>This paper aims at searching for techniques of actor training in Nepal associating similarities (or differences if any) theorized by Constantin Stanislavski (1863-1938), a Russian theatre director in his book <em>An Actor Prepares</em>. The acting ‘system’ also known as ‘method’ is an approach to acting, developed in the 1920s to support actors in the process of embodying and enacting a role. Although acting may not be an exact science, there is a method to the madness as the package of three-month actor training in Nepali Acting Schools (Gurukul, Actor’s Studio, Mandala, and Sarwanam) like Stanislavski’s. When the body is true, the soul reacts. When the body lies, the soul gets frightened. Where there is truth and belief, actors have genuine, productive, specific action, experiences, the subconscious, creativity and art. Actors communicate others in creative and convincing ways. People look for creative instincts, innate talent, and intellectual capacity to perform. Performance, connected to everyday life, is both believing and living. Theatre/Film has been considered as an important platform to showcase socio-political, eco-cultural or historic- religious realities in Nepal.</p> Dibendra Bahadur Karki Kshetri Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 8 01 29 38 10.3126/jdse.v8i01.54265 Silent Sufferings of People with Disability (PWD) and the Barriers faced by them in Pokhara Metropolitan City https://nepjol.info/index.php/jdse/article/view/54266 <p>“Silent Sufferings of People with Disability; Physically Disabled People and the Barriers faced by them in Pokhara Metropolitan City” is mainly focused on the different barriers faced by the physical group of PWD and the impact of barriers in their life. The members from disability organizations of Pokhara Valley; established by PWD themselves were selected for study. The findings are based on the field level investigation, observation and in-depth interviews with the 46 members of PWD of different organizations. Disability prevalence is high in rural areas than in city owing to agricultural and rural lifestyle and youth age is more prone to disability. Most of the people with disability are dependent upon their parents for livelihood. Many of the people with disability leave their study in the middle as the schools are not accessible. They are facing different kind of barriers in their life but these sufferings are silent/unheard. People with disability are mistreated and seen as an object of pity which is attitudinal barrier. People with disability especially wheel chair users find difficult to travel from one place to another as public vehicles do not stop for them where as taxi fare is high. Though the people with disability are provided with disability allowance it is nominal. There are many laws and policies formulated regarding the up- liftmen of people with disability. But it is only limited in speech of leaders and papers of bureaucracy. The effective implementation of existing laws and policies are still necessary.</p> Pusparaj Koirala Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 8 01 39 53 10.3126/jdse.v8i01.54266