International Journal of Silkroad Institute of Research and Training 2023-06-21T08:50:09+00:00 Bijay Lal Pradhan, Ph.D. Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Silkroad Institute of Research and Training is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal that focuses on the diverse field. It follows an open access policy and is published twice a year.</p> Forecasting GDP of Nepal using Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Model 2023-06-20T15:36:08+00:00 Hari Prasad Upadhyay Bijay Lal Pradhan <p><strong>Background</strong>: Globally many research are working on modeling and forecasting of gross domestic product (GDP). The trend and pattern will help the planner and policy maker to make future monetary policy. The aim of this research is to find the ARIMA model and forecasting.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: Box-Jenkins methodology was use for the modeling and forecasting of annual GDP series of Nepal from 1990/91 to 2019/20. Eviews 10 software was use for data analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Using the Box-Jenkins methodology this research examine the number of ARIMA family model that describe the annual GDP series and the appropriate model is ARIMA(1,1,1).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: This research concluded that ARIMA(1,1,1) is the model which capture the GDP series of Nepal for this period.</p> 2023-06-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Hari Prasad Upadhyay, Bijay Lal Pradhan Knowledge And Practice on Prevention and Control of Dengue Among Homemaker in Bharatpur Metropolitan, Chitwan 2023-06-20T15:53:36+00:00 Sudip Adhikari Pradeep Choudhary Hari Prasad Upadhyay Alina Adhikari Kamal Kalakheti Prativa Sedain <p class="Default"><strong>Background:</strong> Dengue is a viral infection transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. The dengue virus (DENV) is one of the mosquito-borne viral diseases in the world today. Two main arthropod vectors are responsi-ble for transmission of dengue viruses: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the main vector for the spread of dengue fever.</p> <p class="Default"><strong>Methods:</strong> An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among home makers of Bharatpur. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tools in SPSS-20. p-value &lt;0.05 was considered as statistically significant.</p> <p class="Default"><strong>Results:</strong> In this study 60.0% have Fair level of knowledge 39.8% have poor level of knowledge. There was no good practice. The majority of respondents 78.6% show Good level of practice and minority 22.4% showed poor level of practice.</p> <p class="Default"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> We can conclude that majority of the respondents had fair knowledge regarding dengue. Despite of the fair knowledge level, the majority of the respondent had good practices such as use of mosquito net, covering house-hold containers, covering water tank, invert the water holding containers.</p> 2023-06-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sudip Adhikari, Pradeep Choudhary, Hari Prasad Upadhyay, Alina Adhikari, Kamal Kalakheti, Prativa Sedain Complementary Feeding Practice and Nutritional Status of Children Between 6-23 Months Attending Pediatric OPD of Bharatpur Hospital Chitwan 2023-06-20T16:02:29+00:00 Asha Thapa Devi Kumari Sapkota Sumitra Parajuli Bijaya Dhakal Rama Kumari Lamichhane Ashmita Sharma <p><strong>Background:</strong> Malnutrition is responsible directly or indirectly for over half of all childhood deaths. Infants and young children are higher risk of malnutrition from six months of age onwards. The aim of the present study was to assess the complementary feeding practice and nutritional status of children between 6-23 months attending pediatric OPD of Bharatpur Hospital, Chitwan, Nepal.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A cross sectional, study was conducted among 333 mothers and their children aged 6-23 months from July to November 2022. The data was collected through semi-structured interview schedule from mothers along with infant anthropometric measurement. The data was analyzed in SPSS 26 version.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Overall prevalence of malnutrition was 46%. Among them the prevalence of wasting, stunting and under-weight were 35.29%, 32.67% and 32.02%, respectively. There were significant association between the education qualification, occupation of mother, type of delivery, number of children, timely introduction of complementary feeding, egg consumption, and on demand breastfeeding with wasting.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Quiet practice of complementary feeding and noticeable prevalence of malnutrition were found among children 6-23 months of age children. These outcomes focus the need to increase the complementary feeding practices ultimately improve the nutritional status of children.</p> 2023-06-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Asha Thapa, Devi Kumari Sapkota, Sumitra Parajuli, Bijaya Dhakal, Rama Kumari Lamichhane, Ashmita Sharma Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care Service among Mothers Having Under 2 Years Children 2023-06-20T16:09:50+00:00 Raj Kumar Shahi Jiwan Poudyal Hari Prasad Upadhyay Sumitra Parajuli Prativa Sedain <p><strong>Background:</strong> The Antenatal care period is the time between immediately conceptions after to before birth baby. The objective of this research is to find out factor associated with ANC service utilization by mothers.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: Community based analytical cross sectional study was conducted in Junichande rural municipality, Jajarkot among mother have child under two years of age data is collected through interview method. Descriptive analysis and chi- square test were performed.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> This study shows more than half of the (58.8%) mother had completed ANC. Ethnicity, education level, husband occupation, availability of essential drugs and equipment, satisfaction behavior of health worker and proper physical infrastructure are the factors that influence the ANC care utilization which were found significantly associated with ANC utilization. The main reason for not receiving ANC among mother were lack of awareness.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> This study suggest health care providers and policy maker to make aware mothers on maternal complication to prevent and neonatal mortality and increase ANC utilization.</p> 2023-06-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Raj Kumar Shahi, Jiwan Poudyal, Hari Prasad Upadhyay, Sumitra Parajuli, Prativa Sedain Association of Birth Preparedness and Place of Delivery among the Mothers 2023-06-20T16:26:01+00:00 Om Prakash Chaudhary Jiwan Poudyal Rajani Shah Hari Prasad Upadhyay Sumitra Parajuli Prativa Sedain <p><strong>Background:</strong> Birth preparedness saves women’s lives and health through planning and preparation for delivery. The objective of this research is to find the practices of birth preparedness and its association between selected variables.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Garuda Municipality among168 mothers using interview techniques. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for analyzing the data, chi-square test was done.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Only (14.3%) of respondents had knowledge and practice of birth preparedness . That the distribution of independent variables. Among the education of respondents (P=0.008), number of children (P=0.025), ANC by protocol (0.011), counseling during ANC checkup (P&lt;0.001), birth attendant (&lt;0.001), knowledge of intensive (&lt;0.001) had significant association with place of delivery.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Education of mother, education of husband, number of children, ANC by protocol, counseling during ANC checkup, knowledge of danger signs requiring checkup in pregnancy, final decision maker, birth attendant and knowledge of intensive were significantly associated but other socio-demographic fac-tors such as mother’s age, religion, type of family, caste, occupation of mother as well as practice of Birth Preparation</p> 2023-06-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Om Prakash Chaudhary, Jiwan Poudyal, Rajani Shah, Hari Prasad Upadhyay, Sumitra Parajuli, Prativa Sedain