The Batuk https://nepjol.info/index.php/batuk <p>"The Batuk, A Peer Reviewed Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies" is published by Nesfield International College (NICOL), under the Management of Nesfield Education Foundation, Lalitpur, Nepal. The Batuk represents the contemporary issues in management science and social science. The broad areas include Management, Finance, Marketing, Accounting, Human Resources Management, OB, Economics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Literature and Sociology. </p> Nesfield International College en-US The Batuk 2392-4802 <p>© Nesfield International College</p> Impact of Reward Systems on Employee Performance of Service Sector Institutions in Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/batuk/article/view/47008 <p>Reward management in an organization helps to motivate and retain employees at work. It is an important element of human resource management. It is the process of creating, implementing and controlling an effective reward system in the&nbsp;organization&nbsp;that helps to maintain and improve organizational performance. It emphasizes the strategic purposes of attracting, motivating and retaining employees. Human resources are said to be the human capital that can play significant role for improving competitive advantage and sustaining business activities of all the organizations including financial institutions. This study attempts to analyze the impact of reward systems on employee performance of service oriented institutions of Nepal. Opinion on rewards in terms of salary, bonus, promotion, empowerment, achievement, appreciation, and employee performance from 395 employees of service sector institutions working at managerial, officer and assistant levels are taken into account. Pearson and Spearman Rho Correlation are used to find out the correlation between reward system and employee performance where multiple regression is used to analyze the impact of reward systems on employee performance. The study concluded that reward systems have positive correlation and impact of employee performance of service sector institutions of Nepal.</p> Gopal Man Pradhan Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 8 2 1 13 10.3126/batuk.v8i2.47008 Factors Influencing Career Choice among Business Administration Students of Pokhara University https://nepjol.info/index.php/batuk/article/view/47011 <p>Career development theories imply that various factors might influence students' career choices. The study examined the existent factors influencing career choice among business administration students of Pokhara University. A quantitative paradigm guided the study. A purposive sample of 303 undergraduate and postgraduate students participated in the study. The data was collected using the Career Choice Scale (CCS), which looked at the four components of career choice: intrinsic, extrinsic, interpersonal, and institutional influences. The analysis of data was performed with SPSS and Amos. The results demonstrated that four factors, intrinsic factors such as personal interest, advancement in career, and personality traits; extrinsic factors such as prestigious job, well-paying employment, and job security; interpersonal factors such as parental support and influence, the influence of older siblings and peer influence, and institutional factors such as career counseling activities, teachers and educators’ impact; type of academic program offered were found influential factors. The findings may have implications for Nepalese higher education institutions to guide and counsel students interested in a career in management. Understanding how students make career decisions allows efforts to guide students toward more realistic career choices.</p> Sakira Lamichhane Santosh Kumar Gurung Ramkrishna Chapagain Ravindra Prasad Baral Subas Adhikari Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 8 2 14 31 10.3126/batuk.v8i2.47011 “Only Daughter”: A Perennial Message for Empowerment of Females https://nepjol.info/index.php/batuk/article/view/47012 <p>Women perform their works from domestic to any outer world. In spite of being active within the territory of their household works, they have set several significant examples in political, economical, social, literary and other fields. In this context, Mary Wollstonecraft, Lydia E. Pinkham, Virginia Woolf, Margaret Thatcher, Indira Gandhi, Mother Teresa, Mahasweta Devi, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Sandra Sisneros, Susri Parijat and Anuradha Koirala are a few examples of women activists who have contributed to the society and nations performing their best works in their respective fields. Their involvement, perhaps, was not as easy as we understand today; they must have undergone several complicated circumstances to work with patriarchal society. Such action and result oriented females' strategies and contributions/works can be fruitful for empowerment of women even today. This study tries to find out how Sandra Cisneros' work "Only Daughter" initiates for the empowerment of women these days, for it raises the issues of "subject matter as well as a desire for justice and a belief in the power of education to change our society for the better" (Tyson 116).</p> Mohan Raj Gouli Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 8 2 35 42 10.3126/batuk.v8i2.47012 Gender Sensitive Trade Union Policy to Address Workers in Informal Economy https://nepjol.info/index.php/batuk/article/view/47013 <p>The informal economy is diversified set of economic activities, enterprises, jobs and workers that are not regulated or protected by the state. It does not have any written rules or agreements and functioning merely on verbal understanding. There is no fixed wages or fixed hours of work and mostly relies on daily earnings and the workers are failed to come together and address their problems through an association or a group. The people working as small farmers, street vendors, hawkers, small traders, micro entrepreneurs, home based workers, cobblers, rag pickers, porters, laborers, artisans etc represent the informal sectors. Formal employment sector is limited both in size and varieties. On the other hand, informal economy is overcrowded by both the older and new entrant workers. Informal economy functioning outside government control and regulation, creates more vulnerability, precariousness, injustice and inequality in part of the millions of workers and even drags them to bondage and serfdom.</p> Prashu Ram Gelal Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 8 2 43 55 10.3126/batuk.v8i2.47013 Nepal, India, and China: the Two plus One Discourse https://nepjol.info/index.php/batuk/article/view/47014 <p>China, India, and Nepal all have distinct and long-standing bilateral relationships. The time has now come to foster tripartite ties and enhance cooperation through joint efforts for shared benefits. In this regard China has proposed a ‘two plus one’ cooperation model between China, India and Nepal. This study has been conducted to depict the impact of the model to the relations between three countries. Using the desk work method for obtaining data and descriptive as well as the analytical method for interpreting the information, the study found that Nepal suspects that the role of China and India will be bigger than Nepal and thus strongly opposes the proposal. On the other hand, though China defines that the concept promotes the trilateral relations between the nations, India is uninterested on it. India does not want to lose its big brotherly grip over Nepal and let China enhance the presence in Nepal.&nbsp; This study concluded that the trilateral cooperation model is the only way that Nepal should foster to balance the role of two giant neighbors.</p> Saroj Kumar Timalsina Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 8 2 56 62 10.3126/batuk.v8i2.47014 Melanie as a Subaltern Woman: An Analysis of JM Coetzee's Disgrace https://nepjol.info/index.php/batuk/article/view/47015 <p>This article reports how Melanie was subaltern character in the novel Disgrace written by J M Coetzee. As a literary qualitative research, this paper utilized subaltern theory developed by Ranajit Guha and Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak to analyze lived experiences of injustices and exploitation over her. The findings of this study revealed that Melanie as a subaltern woman; victimized and suppressed from racial, gender and other various layers of injustices. Likewise, she belonged to minority Muslim community and, due to which she had to face tremendous injustices. Although she was an educated university student, was many times raped by her own professor; consequently, she was tortured with psychological pain and very often faced family conflicts indeed. As a result of patriarchal ideology, she remained silence and further became submissive and docile character. However, the findings further exhibited that after being exploited for long; she developed consciousness about the injustices over her; thereby, she rejected such injustices by forwarding the case against her own professor to the university. The findings have overarching consequences which will contribute to explore further issues of subaltern in the novel.</p> Surendra Prasad Ghimire Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 8 2 63 71 10.3126/batuk.v8i2.47015