Phytochemical Analysis, Cytotoxicity, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Extracts of Leaf of Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.)

Authors

  • Arjun Thapa Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Aaradhana Pokharel Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Homa Karki Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Rakesh Kumar Yadav Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Namuna Paudel Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Samjhana Bharati Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Timila Shrestha Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Binita Maharjan Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sangita Karanjit Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima University Shomachi 1-78, Tokushima, 770-8505 Japan
  • Ram Lal Shrestha Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/arj.v3i01.50500

Keywords:

Ageratina adenophora, GC-MS, TPC, TFC, bioactivities

Abstract

The powdered leaf of Ageratina adenophora was subjected to extraction using a cold percolation method with methanol. After suspending the crude methanol extract in 1% HCl and neutralizing with NH4OH, the obtained solution was extracted with hexane, chloroform, and ethyl acetate solvent, respectively. Qualitative phytochemical analysis of methanol, hexane, chloroform, and ethyl acetate extracts of A. adenophora plant showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, steroids, quinones, saponins, tannins, cardiac glycosides, carbohydrate, terpenoids, proteins, and amino acids. GC-MS analysis of chloroform extract showed 10 different major compounds in which α-Muurolol (24.33%) was found most abundant. The IC50 value of chloroform extract was found to be 1460 µg/mL from DPPH scavenging antioxidant assay, and the LC50 value was found to be 174.78 µg/mL from the brine shrimp lethality assay. Antibacterial activity was shown the highest against Escherichia coli and Proteus vulgaris with ZOI of 12 mm on each in chloroform extract. It was determined that 89.75 mg of gallic acid equivalent/g of dry extract accounted up the total phenolic content and 49.25 mg of quercetin equivalent/g of dry extract was observed to be the total flavonoid content in the chloroform extract.

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Published

2022-12-23

How to Cite

Thapa, A., Pokharel, A., Karki, H., Yadav, R. K., Paudel, N., Bharati, S., Shrestha, T., Maharjan, B., Karanjit, S., & Shrestha, R. L. (2022). Phytochemical Analysis, Cytotoxicity, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Extracts of Leaf of Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.). Amrit Research Journal, 3(01), 84–93. https://doi.org/10.3126/arj.v3i01.50500

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