Fracture Mechanics Induced by Drilling and Blasting in Underground Openings: Prevailing Practices and Studies

Authors

  • Tek Bahadur Katuwal IOE, Pashchimanchal Campus, Pokhara, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
  • Sailesh Adhikari IOE, Pashchimanchal Campus, Pokhara, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/tj.v3i1.61947

Keywords:

Rocks, Drill and Blast Method, Failure Mechanics, In-situ Stress, Underground Opening

Abstract

This article presents the prevailing practices and literature review on the study of fracture mechanics of rock mass, during the construction of underground openings, by drill and blast method (DBM). The paper makes an introductory discussion on basic fracture and failure mechanics on the rock, followed by a review due to the blast-induced failure mechanism. The damage zone in drill and blast openings is discussed which is followed by the conclusions of the literature. DBM is a widely acceptable and broadly applicable approach in the underground construction method. The blasting damaged zones are classified as the borehole expansion zone, crushed zone, nonlinear fracture zone, and radial crack propagation zone. Blasting activities create stress waves in construction work, which fundamentally influence the fracture and failure mechanics of rock with pre-existing discontinuities, in-situ stress, and groundwater conditions. On the other hand, the cumulative action of subsequent explosion gas and stress waves defines the final damage limit and crack pattern map. Thus, it is of utmost importance to investigate the blast-induced fracture and failure mechanism to mitigate the instability in the underground openings.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Katuwal, T. B., & Adhikari, S. (2023). Fracture Mechanics Induced by Drilling and Blasting in Underground Openings: Prevailing Practices and Studies. Technical Journal, 3(1), 134–146. https://doi.org/10.3126/tj.v3i1.61947

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Articles