Recent Trends of Mean Maximum and Minimum Air Temperatures in Bangladesh

Authors

  • Mizanur Rahman Agro-Meteorological Information Systems Development Project, Department of Agricultural Extension, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Hasan Imam Agro-Meteorological Information Systems Development Project, Department of Agricultural Extension, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sabuj Roy Agro-Meteorological Information Systems Development Project, Department of Agricultural Extension, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Farhana Hoque Agro-Meteorological Information Systems Development Project, Department of Agricultural Extension, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Urmee Ahsan Agro-Meteorological Information Systems Development Project, Department of Agricultural Extension, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Abubakar Abdullah Department of Earth Sciences, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v21i2.62356

Keywords:

Mann–Kendall test, Sen’s slope estimator, Linear regression, Temperature

Abstract

The annual, seasonal, and monthly maximum and minimum air temperature time series for 34 stations in Bangladesh have been examined during the period 1981– 2020 in this study. Three statistical tests were used in the analysis namely Mann–Kendall, Sen’s slope estimator, and linear regression, respectively. 47% of stations experienced significantly rising maximum air temperature trends during the pre-monsoon, 100% during the monsoon, 74% during the post-monsoon, and 24% during the winter season, respectively. Similar findings have been made about minimum air temperatures during the pre-monsoon, monsoon, post-monsoon, and winter seasons in 41, 91, 41, and 35% of stations over Bangladesh. According to the linear regression technique, the significant increasing trends of the maximum air temperatures at Patuakhali and Mongla stations are 0.83°C/decade and 0.82°C/decade in February and October, respectively. Furthermore, at Sandwip and M. Court, the significant increasing minimum air temperature trends in July and March are 0.26°C/decade and 0.66°C/decade, respectively. The highest monthly maximum and minimum air temperature time series value falls (decreases) were seen in January over the stations at Mongla (-0.58°C/decade) and Sandwip (-0.63°C/decade), respectively. This information will be useful in developing adaptation plans to mitigate the harmful effects of climate change. Vulnerability assessments, disaster management, enhanced structure design, institutional reform, and antiextreme climate engineering are some of the viable climate change adaptation approaches in Bangladesh due to rising temperatures.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
101
PDF
155

Downloads

Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Rahman, M., Imam, H., Roy, S., Hoque, F., Ahsan, U., & Abdullah, A. (2022). Recent Trends of Mean Maximum and Minimum Air Temperatures in Bangladesh. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology, 21(2), 57–72. https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v21i2.62356

Issue

Section

Articles