Sources and origin of the tiered temples


  • Sudarshan Raj Tiwari Pulchowk Campus


pagoda, stupa, tiered temple


The origin of the tiered temples, the so-called Pagoda, of Nepal has not been adequately explained. Different experts have proposed differing and conflicting hypotheses that Nepalese tiered temples are developed with (i) influences from Chinese pagodas, (ii) developed with influences from Indian architecture and (iii) influences from both of them. The paper makes a fresh investigation of the occurrences of buildings with architectural forms and expressions similar to the tiered temples of Nepal, in Nepal, China, Korea, Japan and Indonesia and analyses their relationships based on style and symbolism. Based on analysis of these aspects, chronological sequences and possibilities of cultural interactions, the origins and development of the pagodas as an architectural form has been deduced. It concludes that the origins of the form of the pagoda should be sought in the Indus-Saraswoti Civilization. Keywords: pagoda, stupa, tiered temple Nepalese Journal of Engineering Vol.1(1) 2005 pp.102-109


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Author Biography

Sudarshan Raj Tiwari, Pulchowk Campus

Department of Architecture, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Lalitpur-5, Nepal

How to Cite

Tiwari, S. R. (2005). Sources and origin of the tiered temples. Nepalese Journal of Engineering, 1(1), 102–109. Retrieved from



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