Scrub typhus Meningoencephalitis : Diagnostic dilemma

Authors

  • Nilima Narkhede Department of Pediatrics, Bharatratna Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Municipal General Hospital, Kandivali(w), Mumbai https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0007-0709
  • Rajaram Weling Department of Pediatrics, Bharatratna Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Municipal General Hospital, Kandivali(w), Mumbai
  • Sanjay Prajapati Department of Medicine, Bharatratna Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Municipal General Hospital, Kandivali(w), Mumbai.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njn.v20i3.53306

Keywords:

CSF, Meningoencephalitis, Scrub typhus

Abstract

Background: Neurological involvement in the form of meningitis or meningoencephalitis, although well documented in scrub typhus, has not been extensively studied in the pediatric population. It is seldom considered in the differential diagnosis of meningitis in the Indian subcontinent.

Case Presentation: We report a case of Scrub typhus meningitis in 13year old male child. The Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) revealed lymphocytic pleocytosis, raised proteins and a normal glucose level.  

Conclusion : Early diagnosis and prompt institution of doxycycline therapy may lead to early cure of scrub typhus even when features of meningitis supervene. However, Ceftriaxone which is commonly used to treat bacterial meningitis is suboptimal in the treatment of scrub typhus.

Key words : Scrub typhus, Meningoencephalitis, CSF

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Published

2023-11-10

How to Cite

1.
Narkhede N, Weling R, Prajapati S. Scrub typhus Meningoencephalitis : Diagnostic dilemma. Nep J Neurosci [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 10 [cited 2024 Apr. 24];20(3):57-8. Available from: https://nepjol.info/index.php/NJN/article/view/53306

Issue

Section

Case Report