Effect of Insulin Resistance on Lipolytic activity of Adipose Tissue in Male Rats

Authors

  • R Eldeeb Department of Physiology, Gulf Medical University (GMU) Ajman
  • MH Gamal-Eldin Department of Physiology, college of medicine, Cairo University
  • EA Khowailed Department of Physiology, college of medicine, Cairo University
  • MM Fathy Department of Physiology, college of medicine, Cairo University
  • N Shantakumari Department of Physiology, Gulf Medical University (GMU) Ajman
  • ME Saleh Chemical and clinical pathology department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njms.v1i2.6602

Keywords:

Insulin resistance, adipose tissue, fructose, hypertension

Abstract

Background: The excess usage of fructose as a sweetener has raised the incidence of insulin resistance among the population which is associated with dyslipedemia, hypertension and obesity. This work studied the effect of induced insulin resistance on body weight, blood pressure, lipid profile, glycemic state and lipolytic activity of adipose tissue in male rats.

Methods: Twenty male rats of 129.4 g average body weight (BW) were divided equally into two groups. Both had free access to water. The control group had pure water; the experimental group had water mixed with 25% of fructose to induce insulin resistance. After 3 months body weight, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, insulin levels, lipid profile of both groups were measured and lipolytic activity of adipose tissue was assessed.

Results: Rats given fructose for 3 months showed significant increase in BW, systolic blood pressure, triglyceride, Cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, fasting blood glucose and insulin levels with a significant decline in highdensity lipoprotein. Lipolytic activity of subcutaneous (SC) and visceral adipose tissue in presence of adrenaline increased significantly which runs in parallel with the results obtained in presence of insulin as it showed a significant rise in both SC and visceral adipose tissue. Data were considered statistically significant at alpha level of 5%.

Conclusion: Insulin resistance induced in male rat by high fructose consumption showed a significant rise in BW and is associated with hypertension and dyslipidemia with significant rise in lipolytic activity of both SC and visceral adipose tissue.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njms.v1i2.6602

Nepal Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012;1(2): 68-73

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Published

2012-08-02

How to Cite

Eldeeb, R., Gamal-Eldin, M., Khowailed, E., Fathy, M., Shantakumari, N., & Saleh, M. (2012). Effect of Insulin Resistance on Lipolytic activity of Adipose Tissue in Male Rats. Nepal Journal of Medical Sciences, 1(2), 68–73. https://doi.org/10.3126/njms.v1i2.6602

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Section

Original Articles