Association between Alopecia Areata and Thyroid Dysfunction in Western Nepal

Authors

  • Pratistha Shrestha Universal College of Medical Sciences
  • Meera Shrestha Universal College of Medical Sciences
  • Sabhayata Gurung Universal College of Medical Sciences

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njms.v8i1.54303

Keywords:

Alopecia Areata, Autoimmune Diseases, Thyroiditis

Abstract

Introduction: Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease characterized by patchy loss of hair. The etiopathogenesis of the disease is still unclear, but the role of autoimmunity is strongly suggested. Alopecia areata is associated with autoimmune thyroiditis and diabetes mellitus. So the main aim of this study is to study the association between alopecia areata and thyroid dysfunction.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study involving 105 patients with alopecia areata. Thyroid function tests (free T3, T4, TSH ) were performed in all the patients with alopecia areata. Data were analyzed using SPSS, version 20.  A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statically significant.

Results: Within alopecia areata patients, in only one male patient (1.9%) T3 was abnormal, in four female patients (7.5%) and six male patients (11.5 %) T4 was abnormal, and in six female patients (11.3%) and three male patients (5.8%) TSH was abnormal.

Conclusion: In our study, there was no significant association between alopecia areata and thyroid function tests.

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Author Biographies

Pratistha Shrestha, Universal College of Medical Sciences

Lecturer, Department of Dermatology

Meera Shrestha, Universal College of Medical Sciences

Lecturer, Department of Dermatology

Sabhayata Gurung, Universal College of Medical Sciences

Lecturer, Department of Dermatology

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Published

2023-01-31

How to Cite

Shrestha, P., Shrestha, M., & Gurung, S. (2023). Association between Alopecia Areata and Thyroid Dysfunction in Western Nepal. Nepal Journal of Medical Sciences, 8(1), 38–42. https://doi.org/10.3126/njms.v8i1.54303

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Original Articles