Cardiac Arrhythmias in Patients with Electrical Injury: Hospital Based Study

  • Bishnu Mani Dhital Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2749-0316
  • Sudhir Regmi Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Shyam Raj Regmi Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Bidhan Shrestha Department of Internal Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Keshav Budhathoki Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Ananda GC Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Sabina Sedhai Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Amir Khan Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Shahid Murtuza Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Puran Gurung Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Sagar Thapa Department of cardiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
Keywords: Cardiac Arrhythmias, Cardiac Monitoring, Electrical Injury

Abstract

Background: Electrical injury and its consequences after exposure to electric shock has been associated with an increased risk of developing immediate and delayed cardiac arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias and different symptoms in patient with high voltage and low voltage electrical injury.

Methods: All 50 consecutive patients who were admitted in Chitwan Medical College from April 2018 to March 2020 were prospectively studied. Patients were categorized into high and low voltage injury group and their variables were compared.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 32.3±10.4 years among them 41 (82%) were male. Patients who sustain high voltage electrical injury (>1000V) were 18 (36%) and low voltage injury (<1000V) were 32 (64%). Cardiac arrhythmias like sinus tachycardia (11.1% vs 6.2%, p=0.054), sinus bradycardia (11.1% vs 3.1% p=0.254), ventricular premature beats (5.6% vs3.1%, p=0.674), atrial fibrillation (11.1% vs 0%, p=0.054) were observed in high voltage and low voltage group. The commonest presenting symptoms in both groups were pain (77.8% vs 84.4% p=0.560) and fatigue (55.6% vs 40.6%, p=0.328).

Conclusion: In this study few non fatal cardiac arrhythmias were observed in both high and low voltage electrical injury group. There is no significant difference in the presenting symptoms and types of arrhythmias observed between low voltage and high voltage injury group.

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Abstract
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Published
2020-11-05
How to Cite
Dhital, B., Regmi, S., Regmi, S., Shrestha, B., Budhathoki, K., GC, A., Sedhai, S., Khan, A., Murtuza, S., Gurung, P., & Thapa, S. (2020). Cardiac Arrhythmias in Patients with Electrical Injury: Hospital Based Study. Nepalese Heart Journal, 17(2), 29-32. https://doi.org/10.3126/njh.v17i2.32675
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Original Articles