Use of Dexmedetomidine as an Adjuvant to Ropivacaine in Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block for Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgery

Authors

  • Gunjan Regmi Department of Anesthesia and Critical care, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7755-1431
  • Kanak Khanal Department of Anesthesia and Critical care, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Batsalya Arjyal Department of Anesthesia and Critical care, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Kumud Pyakurel Department of Anesthesia and Critical care, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Roshan Pradhan Department of Anesthesia and Critical care, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Prasun Rajbhandari Department of Anesthesia and Critical care, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jonmc.v12i2.61114

Keywords:

Analgesia, Brachial plexus block, Dexmedetomidine, Ropivacaine

Abstract

Background: Various adjuvants have been added in Brachial plexus block but only few studies have reported the use of dexmedetomidine. Alpha 2 agonist Dexmedetomidine used as an adjuvant to the local anesthetic has been suggested to prolong the duration of peripheral nerve block. The objective of this study is to compare the effect adding Dexmedetomidine to Ropivacaine in Supraclavicular brachial plexus block

Materials and Methods: A Quantitative, comparative cross sectional prospective study was conducted in 78 patients randomly allocated into three groups. Group R received 30ml of  0.5% Ropivacaine,  Group B  received  30ml of 0.5% Ropivacaine + 50mcg of  Dexmedetomidine  for supraclavicular block and Group Y received 30ml of 0.5% Ropivacaine 0.5% for supraclavicular block and intravenous Dexmedetomidine 50mcg . The onset time to sensory and motor blockade, duration of sensory and motor block and duration of analgesia were recorded.

Results: The onset of Sensory block and motor block was earlier in group B than in group Y and group R. The duration of sensory block and motor block duration was also prolonged in group B when compared with group Y and group R. The duration of analgesia was significantly longer in group B, and group Y when compared to group R.

Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to Ropivacaine decreases the sensory as well as motor block onset time, prolongs sensory and motor block duration and also increases the duration of analgesia. The action of Dexmedetomidine most probably is local rather than centrally mediated.

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Author Biography

Gunjan Regmi, Department of Anesthesia and Critical care, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal

Assistant Professor

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Regmi, G., Khanal, K., Arjyal, B., Pyakurel, K., Pradhan, R., & Rajbhandari, P. (2023). Use of Dexmedetomidine as an Adjuvant to Ropivacaine in Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block for Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgery. Journal of Nobel Medical College, 12(2), 41–47. https://doi.org/10.3126/jonmc.v12i2.61114

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Original Articles