Laser Hemorrhoidoplasty for Treatment of the Hemorrhoids in Eastern Nepal

Authors

  • Amit Bhattarai Department of General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6854-1693
  • Dinesh Adhikari Department of General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Saurav Poudel Department of General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Anil Kumar Mehta Department of General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Dipak Kumar Yadav Department of General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Bivusha Parajuli Department of General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Abhilekh Kumar Singh Department of General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jonmc.v12i2.61093

Keywords:

Hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoidectomy, Laser, Rectal disease

Abstract

Background: Millions worldwide are affected by hemorrhoids (prevalence 2.9%-27.9%), causing symptoms in over 4% of individuals. These anorectal disorders result from enlarged anal hemorrhoidal cushions, often due to constipation. Internal or external, they're graded by prolapse severity, with common symptoms including painless rectal bleeding. Treatment options range from conservative to surgical, with the gold standard, Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy, associated with postoperative pain. Laser hemorrhoidoplasty, a minimally invasive diode laser approach, shows promise, offering less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, and fewer complications than traditional surgical methods.

Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study of 40 adults undergoing laser hemorrhoidectomy for symptomatic Goligher’s grade II and III hemorrhoids at Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal, from June 2022 to June 2023. Outcomes included pain scores, bleeding, operative time, postoperative complications, hospital stay length, return-to-work time, and patient satisfaction measured by QOL SF36 scoring.

Results: Among 40 patients, 16 were male and 24 females, averaging 42.32 ± 12.26 years. Grade III hemorrhoids were found in 31 patients, Grade II in 9. Operative time averaged 17.22 ± 2.14 minutes, with one case of managed intraoperative bleeding. Postoperative symptoms included pain, skin tags, and wound infection, but no reactive bleeding, urinary, or stool/flatus incontinence. Two cases experienced recurrence. Patient satisfaction in general health evaluation scored 65.11 ± 10.35.

Conclusion: Laser hemorrhoidoplasty is associated with less complications, quicker operative time, quick recovery and similar patient satisfaction when compared to surgical methods of hemorrhoidectomy.

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Author Biography

Amit Bhattarai, Department of General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Bhattarai, A., Adhikari, D., Poudel, S., Mehta, A. K., Yadav, D. K., Parajuli, B., & Singh, A. K. (2023). Laser Hemorrhoidoplasty for Treatment of the Hemorrhoids in Eastern Nepal. Journal of Nobel Medical College, 12(2), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.3126/jonmc.v12i2.61093

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Original Articles