Our experience of scalp reconstruction in a tertiary care centre of Nepal

Authors

  • Bikesh Rajbhandari Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9667-3837
  • Himalaya Niraula Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal
  • Manish Devkota Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal
  • Samit Sharma Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal
  • Sangam Rayamajhi Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal
  • Jayan Man Shrestha Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal
  • Ishwor Lohani Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jssn.v24i2.42832

Keywords:

Rotation flap, Scalp reconstruction, Skin grafting, Tissue expansion, Transposition flap

Abstract

Introduction: Scalp defects are difficult to manage due to their inelastic nature, thus possess significant surgical and aesthetic concerns. The objective of the study was to analyse various scalp defects in terms of their clinical presentation, management and outcome in the context of Nepal.

Methods: This was a retrospective review conducted by analysing clinical records of all the scalp reconstructions performed at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH) from May 2018 to March 2021.  

Results: Among the 69 patients operated there were 37 females and 32 males. Most patients were in the age group of 0-10 years and 31-40 years with mean age of 30 years. Most common cause for defect was trauma (27 cases), followed by post oncologic resection (15), burn (11), raw area post craniotomy (7) and benign scalp lesions in 9 cases. Skin grafting was the most common procedure performed (16 cases), followed by transposition flap (15), primary closure (13), rotation flap (9) and free flap in 4 cases. Four patients had tissue expander placed over the scalp. Four patients had developed graft loss, two had infection post operatively requiring intervention, five had wound dehiscence and there was one free flap failure.  There were two mortalities both due to pneumonia post operatively.

Conclusion: Defect size, location, presence or absence of pericranium and quality of surrounding scalp tissue all influence the selection of reconstructive technique.

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Author Biographies

Bikesh Rajbhandari, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns

Himalaya Niraula, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns

Manish Devkota, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns

Samit Sharma, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns

Sangam Rayamajhi, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns

Jayan Man Shrestha, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns

Ishwor Lohani, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, TUTH, Nepal

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Rajbhandari, B., Niraula, H., Devkota, M., Sharma, S., Rayamajhi, S., Shrestha, J. M., & Lohani, I. (2021). Our experience of scalp reconstruction in a tertiary care centre of Nepal. Journal of Society of Surgeons of Nepal, 24(2), 46–50. https://doi.org/10.3126/jssn.v24i2.42832

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Section

Original Articles