Functional outcome after transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty at a tertiary care center, Nepal

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpahs.v10i3.59176

Keywords:

laparoscopic pyeloplasty, pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction,, radio-isotope renogram

Abstract

Introduction: Pyeloplasty is the gold standard surgical treatment for Pelvic-Ureteric Junction Obstruction (PUJO). Laparoscopic pyeloplasty has gained popularity in recent years because it is less invasive, has better cosmesis, and reduces hospital stays with an equivalent success rate compared to open pyeloplasty. This study was designed to find out the success rate of laparoscopic transperitoneal pyeloplasty in cases with unilateral PUJO.

Method: This was a retrospective study, which included four years of data on patients who underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty from 1 Jan 2019 to 31 Dec 2022 in the Department of Urology, Bir Hospital, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Nepal. Ethical approval was obtained. Microsoft Excel was used for descriptive analysis, frequency, and percentage of clinical and demographic data for age, gender, and site. Pre- and post-operative data of differential renal function (DRF) based on the radio-isotope renography and their association were compared using the χ2 test. A p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Result: Out of 25 cases, renal function improvement was observed in 18(72%), stable in 6(24%), and deteriorated in 1(4%) cases based on DRF analysis. Male to female ratio was 13:12, the mean age was 26 y (8-60 y), and the left side was 14(60%). A mean improvement of DRF of 3.1% was observed in the age group of >30 y,  and a mean improvement of DRF of 4.3% was also observed in the cases with DRF ≤30%.

Conclusion: The laparoscopic pyeloplasty showed excellent functional outcomes in the majority of the cases with PUJO.

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Author Biographies

Prabodh Regmi, Rapti Academy of Health Sciences, Dang, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Urology

Anu Bhattarai, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

Consultant, Nuclear Medicine Unit, Bir Hospital

Sagar Maharjan, National Academy of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

Consultant, Nuclear Medicine Unit, Bir Hospital

Robin Bahadur Basnet, Rapti Academy of Health Sciences, Dang, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Urology

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Regmi, P., Bhattarai, A., Maharjan, S., & Basnet, R. B. (2023). Functional outcome after transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty at a tertiary care center, Nepal. Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences, 10(3), 4–11. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpahs.v10i3.59176

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Section

General Section: Original Articles