Journal of Development and Administrative Studies https://nepjol.info/index.php/JODAS <p>Published by the Centre for Economic Development and Administration (CEDA), Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal</p> Centre for Economic Development and Administration (CEDA) en-US Journal of Development and Administrative Studies 2091-0339 <p>The copyright of the accepted articles is reserved by the <em>Centre for Economic Development and Administration (CEDA</em>), <em>Tribhuvan University (TU).</em> No part of the article published in this journal should be reproduced except provided by the law currently in force without the written consent of the centre.</p> Relationship between Remittances and Inflation in Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/JODAS/article/view/60566 <p>Empirical evidence highlights the significant impact of remittances on a country’s macroeconomic indicators. This holds particular significance for import-dependent developing nations like Nepal, where remittances serve as a crucial source of foreign currency earnings and facilitate the financing of imports. However, there remains a limited understanding of their implications for inflation, as their effects on inflation are contingent upon whether the demand or supply side is more influenced by remittances. This study leverages time series data and employs an error correction model (ECM) to explore the influence of remittances on the domestic price level. The findings indicate that the inflow of remittances has a dampening effect on the domestic inflation rate. This suggests that remittances have played a pivotal role in enabling the import of relatively more affordable goods from abroad, notwithstanding their impact on the overall expenditure of the economy. Furthermore, our research reveals that conventional macroeconomic indicators such as GDP, narrow money supply, and Indian inflation appear to exert pressure on domestic inflation in Nepal. These findings offer valuable insights into the complex relationship between remittances and inflation dynamics in the Nepalese context.</p> Kiran Dahal Arbind Chaudhary Naveen Adhikari Nawaraj Bista Copyright (c) 2019 CEDA 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 27 1-2 1 10 10.3126/jodas.v27i1-2.60566 Weather Variation and Child Health Outcomes in Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/JODAS/article/view/60567 <p>This study examines the relationship between weather variability and child health outcomes in Nepal. The results indicate that temperature deviations significantly impact malnutrition, not stunting and wasting in children under five. Rainfall deviations, on the other hand, do not show a significant association with malnutrition. However, rainfall variability caters to mortality rates, while temperature deviations do not. The study suggests considering climatic variability in child health policy crafting in Nepal. Further studies that consider the climate and socioeconomic heterogeneity might serve better.</p> Maya Timsina Copyright (c) 2019 CEDA 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 27 1-2 11 22 10.3126/jodas.v27i1-2.60567 Public Financing in Education and Economic Growth of Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/JODAS/article/view/60569 <p>Education serves as the foundation of human capital, enhancing productivity and innovation, and ultimately driving economic growth. This study aims to assess the relationship between public financing in education and Nepal's economic growth. Utilizing the ARDL error correction model with data spanning from 1982 to 2018, the findings indicate that public funding for education in Nepal negatively impacts long-term economic growth. In the short term, the enrollment of technical students at various institutions under Tribhuvan University also exhibits a negative association with Nepal's economic growth. The short-term setbacks may be attributed to the drain of technical expertise or insufficient investment in technical education, potentially impeding economic growth. Consequently, policymakers and stakeholders should prioritize technical education and domestic employability to foster sustainable economic growth in Nepal.</p> Dil Nath Dangal Ram Prasad Gajurel Copyright (c) 2019 CEDA 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 27 1-2 23 30 10.3126/jodas.v27i1-2.60569 Risk and Resilience: Examining the Role of Capital Adequacy and Credit Risk in Shaping the Performance of Nepalese Commercial Banks https://nepjol.info/index.php/JODAS/article/view/60573 <p>The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of capital adequacy and credit risk management on the profitability of the Nepalese banking sector. The specific objectives include analyzing the trends of major performance indicators, evaluating the explanatory power of capital adequacy, examining the causal link between credit risks and bank performance, analyzing the relationship with liquidity, and exploring the opinions of bank staff on factors affecting performance. The results reveal that the return on equity (ROE) of commercial banks fluctuated between 6% and 43% during the study period. Positive correlations were found between ROE/ROA and capital adequacy ratio, while negative correlations were observed with loan loss provision, non-performing loans, and liquidity. The study concludes that capital adequacy, liquidity, and loans and advances significantly influence profitability, while loan loss provision and non-performing loans have negative impacts. The results confirm the significance of prudent credit risk management and emphasize the need for banks to adopt effective risk management strategies and enhance capital requirements to improve profitability.</p> Dipendra Karki Aarshiya Aryal Copyright (c) 2019 CEDA 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 27 1-2 31 40 10.3126/jodas.v27i1-2.60573 Governance for Sustainable Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Services in Rural Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/JODAS/article/view/60575 <p>Governance for sustainable water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services in rural Nepal is a major challenge that requires continuous efforts to improve coordination, delivery of quality interventions, and community participation. Issues related to governance in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sectors are globally significant, with the consideration of the functionality of WASH services in rural Nepal. This article explores the relationship between distinct cases and the underlying causes of governance issues in Nepal's WASH sector, emphasizing the need for more effective delivery and response mechanisms. Additionally, this article analyses existing issues related to inclusive governance and the role of community people to ensure inclusive and appropriate WASH governance. The governance framework is shaped by historical practices, existing policies, and socio-cultural values within society. The article also provides a perspective on historical and socio-cultural transformations, policy analysis, and shared learning based on published articles on WASH, governance, sustainability, and development theories. Furthermore, it addresses issues of inclusive participation, decision-making, and financial transparency as integral components of good governance, which play a significant role in ensuring the sustainability of WASH services in communities. In conclusion, this paper asserts that the functionality of WASH services often fails due to inadequate governance, whereas governance is directed by the history of the places and applied development theories and approaches up to the timeframe.</p> Bishnu Bahadur Khatri Madan Bahadur Bhandari Copyright (c) 2019 CEDA 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 27 1-2 41 50 10.3126/jodas.v27i1-2.60575