Journal of NELTA Surkhet Journal of NELTA Surkhet is a journal related to English Language teaching, learning and pedagogy. It is published by Nepal English Language Teachers' Association (NELTA) Surkhet. Full text articles available.<br /> en-US <p>&copy; NELTA, Surkhet, Nepal 2014</p> (Mr Rajan Kumar Kandel) (Sioux Cumming) Sun, 01 Apr 2018 10:33:08 +0000 OJS 60 Editorial <p>Not available.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong> Vol. 5 January, 2018, page: III</p><p> </p> Rajan Kumar Kandel Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Use of Dialogue Journals in an ESL Writing Class from Vygotskyan Perspective <p class="Default"> Dialogue journal writing is a way of communicating with the learners through constant written communication over a specified period. Since the teachers who use the dialogue journals do not require their students to be grammatically accurate in their expressions while they are writing journals, the students build their self-confidence. Consequently, they can increase their writing fluency, which ultimately leads to not only the development of writing but also overall language proficiency of the language they are learning. More importantly, it develops learners’ theoretical thinking as they are involved in dialogic discussions through written interactive communications. It is because as per Vygotskyan theory of human development human beings are constantly engaged in interpersonal as well as intrapersonal communications, which expand learners’ zones of proximal development.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong> Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 1-14</p> Lal Bahadur Rana Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Use of Test-Teach-Test Method in English as a Foreign Language Classes <p> The present study 'Use of test-teach-test method in EFL classes' aims to find out the effect of teach-test-teach method in developing vocabulary, grammatical and reading comprehension skills of Bachelor level first year EFL students in the faculty of education, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. For this experimental research, the sample population consisted 42 B. Ed. students from a Public College, Pokhara who were selected using purposive non-random sampling procedure. The students were divided into two groups; experimental and controlled; each consisted 21 students on the basis of odd even ranking system. The main tools for data collection were test items. A pre-test was administered before they were taught for 4 weeks. Then, the experimental group was taught using test-teach-test method. After experimental teaching, post-test was administered by using the same set as that was used in pre-test. The results of both the tests were compared and determined using simple statistical tool; mean. The findings revealed that the experimental group was found to be performed significantly higher than controlled group.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong> Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 15-27</p> Pitmbar Paudel Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Mother Tongue based Multilingual Education (MT- MLE): Teachers' Language Ideologies <p> Mother Tongue based Multilingual Education (MT- MLE) is a form of multilingual education built on the learners' mother tongue. This article explores the teachers' ideology on the policy (as policy appropriator). The ideologies of the language teachers have been drawn from the interpretive perspectives where the reality is judged based on the experiences of the research and the researched. The participants in this study covered five English language teachers who have been working in the area of multilingualism. The in-depth interview with them supplied the data for arriving into the results and conclusions. Finally, the teachers unraveled their strong belief on the use of MLE for language promotion and protection of indigenous knowledge.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong> Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 28-40</p> Jnanu Raj Paudel Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Maxim of Order from Teachers’ Perspective <p class="Default"> This article reports the perception of teachers towards the maxim of order. It also tries to reflect the teachers’ classroom behaviours or culture of teaching. It is physical reflection of their maxim that they have developed in their mind about different aspects of ELT. The researcher used classroom observation and interview as research tools. Ten teachers were the respondents in this study. These ten teachers were interviewed and three classes of each teacher were observed to obtain required information. Most of the respondents reported that they prefer calm, peaceful, ordered and disciplined classes. They provided several reasons to support their views. They expressed their positive and supporting view towards the maxim of order. The disciplined and ordered classroom is justified in this research. They argued that disciplined and ordered classroom assists the teachers to conduct their activities in comfortable way in the classroom and assists students to grasp what teacher offers them.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet, </strong>Vol. 5 January, 2018</p> Ganesh Kumar Kandel Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Effectiveness of Recorded Materials in EFL Class <p class="Default"> In the era of globalization, it is very necessary to know about the recorded materials while teaching English as a second language. It is needless to say that the recorded materials are the boon of science and technology which has made easier the formal learning process. Till now many English teacher has been ignoring the power of recorded materials in language teaching specially, in the secondary level of school. Obviously, English language teaching is difficult in the context of Nepal but those materials related to recorded make the classroom more lively. As a result the learning becomes the easier process. This paper concludes that the recorded materials are very useful to develop the listening comprehension of the learners of Secondary Level School.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong>, Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 49-55</p> Laxmi Prasad Bastola Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Role of the Literature in ELT Course of Mid-Western University <p class="Default"> This article identifies the role of literature course included in B.Ed. English Curriculum of Mid-Western University for the promotion of language skills and areas. It begins with the general introduction of literary course either it supports to EFL/ESL context. The research questions and objectives are set to examine the role of literature course in ELT classroom. Then it is closely observed literature contents in B.Ed. English curriculum. It is discussed via self-inspection and reflection of my own experience. It reaches in conclusion that literary texts provide rich linguistic input and effective stimuli for students to express themselves, and a potential source of learner motivation. These texts also provide an opportunity for multi-sensorial classroom experiences and can appeal to learners with different learning style. The students can promote their creativity and language proficiency in ESL/EFL context of ELT classroom. Therefore, it is essential to design the literary texts in ELT course to promote both the language skills (i.e. listening, speaking, reading, and writing) and language areas (i.e. vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciations).</p><p class="Default"><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet,</strong> Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 56-64</p> Resham Bahadur Bist Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Mother Tongue Education: A Quest of Quality and Access in Education <p>As it is claimed and is the ground reality that language is not everything but everything is nothing in education without language. Moreover, language shapes the learning and learning begins with language. In this regards, this article attempts to review the multilingual perspectives in terms of access and quality in education through mother tongue based education advocacy. It is theoretical in nature which is based on the secondary sources of theoretical review and tries to justify with policy and practice based rational for mother tongue education in Nepalese context.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong>, Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 65-74</p> Bishnu Kumar Khadka Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Learning to Read and Reading to Learn in English <p> Reading is one of key language skills which enables the readers to learn many things i.e. reading is the gateway of knowledge. Enabling the readers to read in English is one of the major issue in ELT. This article defines reading as the key skill with various reading strategies and comprehension as the goal of reading. It is based on the secondary sources of data basically based on the review of related literature and attempts to review on learning to read and reading to learn in English in particular.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong>, Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 75-81</p> Parbati Kumari Pokharel Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Critical Incidents for Teachers’ Professional Development <p class="Default"> Analysis of critical incidents is one of the approaches of teacher professional development. A critical incident is any unplanned event which takes place during the class. It is something we interpret as a problem or challenge in a particular context, rather than a routine occurrence. The incident is said to be critical because it is valuable and has some meaning. In other words, incidents happen but critical incidents are created because of their importance. Teachers can critically analyze any of their lessons and can make a particular event critical by reflecting on it. The teachers ask not only what happened but also why it happened. They then use the incidents for future reference. This article deals with the benefits of critical incidents and the ways to analyze them, which lead to successful teacher professional development.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong>, Vol. 5 January, 2018f, Page: 82-88</p> Khem Raj Joshi Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Global Language: Status, Scope and Challenges <p class="Default">The world becomes shareable, narrow, familiar, and accessible for all since we have a common language (English) despite having culture, tradition, territory and idiosyncratic variation. Because of its commonness, it is accepted as an international, global, foreign/ second language or as a lingua-franca among thousands of diverse language speakers. It becomes the global language since its form is cozily perceptible and scope is being open-ended in nature. Having its scope unlimited, the status is automatically broadened and the positional value will be transformable from fewer to more, lesser- users to frequent, foreign to second language, etc. As the status and scope of English growing up, the opportunities and challenges have been raised as well. In the forms of opportunities, people are liable to get better jobs, quality education, and international identity and so on. In contrary, challenges oppose the regular development of it which may result minimizing the status and scope sooner than later. Whatever the situation, English language is stepping forward rather than pushing back.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong>, Vol. 5 January, 2018</p> Lal Bahadur Bohara Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Action Research on Improving Students' Speaking Proficiency in Using Cooperative Storytelling Strategy <p class="Default"> Speaking is the first way to interact with others in the social community. Furthermore, the success in learning a language at first can be seen from the ability of the learner’s speaking. However, it is very hard for the second language learners to speak the foreign language, especially English. There are a lot of reasons why they get difficulties in speaking, such as lack of ideas to tell, lack of vocabularies to express the ideas, lack of the exposure to speak, and lack of the interesting teaching method or technique that can motivate them to speak. Thus, this research applied Cooperative Storytelling Strategy to Improve Students' Speaking proficiency of the students of grade 11in Nepal Rastriya Chandraganga Secondary School, Gagretal, Surkhet. This research was a collaborative classroom action research whose main purpose was to know whether or not storytelling strategy could improve the students’ speaking skill. Meanwhile, the specific purposes consisted of describing: (1) To implement storytelling strategy in 11th graders students at our School to improve their speaking skill. (2)To enhance their confidence in speaking skill and create fluency in speaking. The data of this research were got from the observations done by Story telling contest and Speaking test. The result showed that there was an improvement on students’ speaking proficiency after the implementation of storytelling strategy. The speaking test result in cycle two explained that the students’ speaking aspects got good progress. Storytelling improved their comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. Thus, it can be said that storytelling strategy could improve students’ speaking skill.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong>, Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 97-105</p> Dhani Ram Sharma Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Globalization as Politics of Neo-Colonization: Teaching English language in Higher Education in Nepal <p class="Default"> This article briefly discusses colonial history as background knowledge and then tries to define globalization covering some of the issues of globalization. Through defining and covering some issues regarding globalization, it enters into the issue of neo-colonization. After that, it gives a brief glimpse that how the teaching English language in higher education of Non-western has blended the politics of Neo-colonization.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong>, Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 106-112</p> Raj Kumar Sharma Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 A Book Review: New Directions, Reading, Writing, and Critical Thinking <p class="Default">This article presents the review of the book that is prescribed for the Bachelor level course. The purpose of the particular review of the book is to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the selected book. It is started with the general background of the writer of the book. Then, the objectives, contents are reviewed with other general features. Finally, it was found that maximum contents are selected from the Western World. So, it was concluded to include the texts from the Eastern World and add more pictures to develop critical thinking among the readers.</p><p><strong>Journal of NELTA Surkhet</strong>, Vol. 5 January, 2018, Page: 113-117</p> Dipendra Kumar Khatri Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of NELTA Surkhet Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000