Behavioural Profile, Linguistic skills, Adaptive Behaviours and Intellectual Functioning of School aged Children with History of Early Language Delay

Authors

  • Arpita Gupta Assistant Professor Department of Paediatrics Maulana Azad Medical College New Delhi-110002, India
  • MKC Nair Director, NIMS-SPECTRUM-Child Development Research Centre (CDRC), NIMS Medicity, Aralumodu, Neyyathinkkara, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerla, India.
  • Babu George Director, Child Developmental Center, Medical College Campus Thiruvananthapuram Kerala, India.
  • Leena ML Senior Research Coordinator, Child Developmental Center, Medical College Campus, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.60086/jnps482

Keywords:

Adaptive functions, behavioural problems, expressive language delay, neurodevelopmental disorders

Abstract

Introduction: Language is a fundamental skill and a foundation stone for multiple cognitive and socio-emotional aspects of development. Considering that well-developed language abilities enable children to negotiate the social-relational demands of school life and provide the foundational knowledge upon which academic skills are built, there is a higher chance of scholastic difficulties, social and, behavioural and emotional maladjustments resulting in poor mental health in those who have language delay.

Methods: An ambispective study conducted at a tertiary centre after taking ethical approval from the institutional review board. Children with isolated early language delay were reassessed at school age for intelligence quotient, language development, adaptive behaviours and behavioural issues.

Results: out of 57 children, persistence of poor language skills was seen in 65%, mean IQ score was 90 ( ± 17. 067) and mean VABS score was 94 ( ± 15). 61.4% children had significant behavioural issues. On interview, most worrisome issue reported by children was ‘being teased by friends’ due to poor language skills. Additionally, lower social competence level was noted in children who had poor language skills.

Conclusions: persistence of language, cognitive and behavioural dysfunctions in children with seemingly benign ‘speech and language delay’ at an early age, emphasizes the importance of comprehensive reassessment of these children at school age for early recognition and management.

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Published

2023-09-10

How to Cite

Gupta, A. ., Nair, . M., George, B. ., & ML, . L. (2023). Behavioural Profile, Linguistic skills, Adaptive Behaviours and Intellectual Functioning of School aged Children with History of Early Language Delay. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, 43(1), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.60086/jnps482

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Section

Original Articles