Clinico-Radiological Profile of Neurocysticercosis in Children
Keywords:Neurocysticercosis, radiological findings, symptomatology
Introduction: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common parasitic disease of the nervous system caused by the larval stage of Taenia solium (also known as pork tapeworm). Clinical manifestations are pleomorphic and determined mainly by the location, number and viability of cysts as well as by the host response. Neuroimaging is the most useful diagnostic study for parenchymal disease.
Methods: The study was conducted in the Paediatric Ward of a tertiary care teaching institute, Bareilly, India. The study was conducted on 50 subjects. The study was a hospital based, prospective, observational study. All admitted children between one year to 18 years and diagnosed to have neurocysticercosis were included the study. Statistical analysis was done by single and double sample proportion test. P value of less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Maximum numbers of patients were in age group of five-14 years. Males (62%) were more commonly affected than females. Seizure was found to be the commonest presentation of NCC. In our study majority of cases were diagnosed by CT scan. 70% of the patients enrolled in this study demonstrated ring enhancing lesions on neuroimaging. Maximum number of patients had lesions in the parietal lobe followed by frontal lobe.
Conclusions: NCC is common in the age group of five to 14 years. Focal seizures were the most common presentation. Other symptoms were headache and vomiting. Vegetarians were more commonly affected than non vegetarians. Single ring enhancing lesion in parietal area was the commonest neuroimaging findings.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).