Platelet Indices in Neonates: A Comparative Study of Normal and Low Birth Weight Babies
Keywords:platelet indices, neonate, low birth weight
Introduction: Birth weight is an important indicator of perinatal and neonatal outcome. Low birth weight (LBW) babies suffer from many problems in neonatal period and have more morbidity and mortality as compared to normal weight babies. Platelets play an important role in neonatal immunity. Platelet indices of LBW babies are not well understood and may have contributed to morbidities in these babies. This study was conducted to study the platelet indices in LBW babies.
Methods: All inborn LBW babies born in our centre and fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. Study period was of one and half years (Oct 2015 – Apr 2017). Cord blood sample (2 ml) was collected and platelet indices namely Platelet Count (PC), Mean Platelet Volume (MPV), Platelet Distribution Width (PDW), were assessed. Blood sample was processed with a hospital laboratory based automated analyser. Neonatal morbidities were recorded. Platelet indices were analysed with respect to low birth weight.
Results: The platelet count in LBW babies was lower than the control group. Other indices i.e. PDW and MPV however did not show significant variation between both the groups.
Conclusions: LBW babies had lower platelet counts but other platelet indices were not significantly affected. The results need to be substantiated with further larger studies in the future.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).