A checklist of flowering plants of Panchase Protected Forest, Kaski district, central Nepal
Panchase Protected Forest (PPF), situated at the junction of three districts Kaski, Syangjaand Parbat with an elevation range of 900-2517m representing mid hills of Nepal. This study was carried out with an aim of documenting the flowering plant diversity of the Panchase Protected Forest, Kaski district, comprising three VDCs, Bhadaure Tamage, Chapakot and Pumdi Bhumdi. General survey, covering all seasons was organized (from June 2014 to May2015) for collecting the plant species. Published literatures and herbarium specimens were also consulted for documenting the species. Identification of the collected specimens was made through consulting relevant literatures, herbarium specimens and expert consultation. A total of 613 species belonging to 393 genera and 111 families have been documented from this area. The dominant family was Orchidaceae (49 genera and 125 species) followed by Poaceae (25 spp.), Asteraceae (25 spp.) and others. Six endemic plants, Begonia flagellaris (Begoniaceae), Eria pokharensis, Gastrochilus nepalensis, Oberonia nepalensis, Odontochilusnandae and Panisea panchaseensis (Orchidaceae) were also reported. Similarly, presentresearch revealed two taxa as new record for flora of Nepal, Dischidia bengalensis Colebr. (Apocynaceae) and Phreatia elegans Lindl. (Orchidaceae). The present findings suggest that PPF is one of the hotspot for floral diversity representing mid hills of Nepal and this pristine habitat for orchid should be developed as ‘Orchid Sanctuary’.
APG III (2009) An Update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Bot J Linn Soc 161: 105–121.
ARYAL, A; DHUNGEL, S K (2009) Species diversity and distribution of bat in Panchase region of Nepal. Conservation and Information Network of South Asia 1(1): 11–14.
BAJRACHARYA, D M; SUBEDI, A; SHRESTHA, K K (2003) Eria pokharensis sp. Nov. (Orchidaceae); A new species from Nepal Himalaya. J Orchid Soc India 17(1-2): 1–4.
BHANDARI, P; SHRESTHA, K K (2016) Dischidia bengalensis Colebr. (Apocynaceae)- a new record for the flora of Nepal. The Japanese Journal of Botany 91 (5): 310–313.
BHANDARI, P; RASKOTI, B B; SHRESTHA, K K (2015) Pheretia elegans Lindley (Orchidaceae)- a new record for flora of Nepal. Pleione 9(2): 365–368.
BHATTARAI, K R; MAREN, I E; CHAUDHARY, R P (2012) Medicinal plant knowledge of the Panchase Regon in the middle hills of the Nepalese Himalayas, Banko Janakari 21(2): 31–39.
DoF (2012) Panchase protected forest management plan. Department of Forest (DoF), Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation (MoFSC), Government of Nepal, Kathamndu, Nepal.
GRIERSON, A J C; LONG, D G (1993-2000) Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 1, Part 1–3; Vol. 2, Part 1-3. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh and Royal Government of Bhutan.
GoN (2013) Ecosystem and ecosystem services of Panchase: an overview. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal.
HOOKER, J D (1872-1887) Flora of British India. Vol. I-VII. Reev and Company, London, UK.
KOIRALA, R A (1998) Botanical diversity within the project area of Machhapuchhre Development Organization, Bhadaure/Tamage VDC, Kaski district. A baseline Survey for Machhapuchhre Development Organization (MDO), Bhadaure/Tamage, Kaski district, Nepal.
MALLA, D B; ARYAL, A; KUWOR, K J (2013) Distribution and food resources of Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) and human-bear conflict in the Panchase protected forest of Nepal. International Bear News 22(2): 33–35.
MALLA, S B; RAJBHANDARI, S B; SHRESTHA, T B; ADHIKARI, P M; ADHIKARI, S R; SHAKYA, P R; (1986) Flora of Kathmandu Valley. Bull. Dept. med. Plants Nepal No.11. His Majesty’s Government, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.
MAREN, I E; BHATTARAI, K R; CHAUDHARY, R P (2013) Forest ecosystem services and biodiversity in
contrasting Himalayas forest management services. Environmental Conservation 41(1): 73–83.
NOLTIE, H J (1994–2000) Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 3, Part 1–2, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh and Royal Government of Bhutan.
PEARCE, N R; CRIB, P J (2002) Flora of Bhutan. Vol. 3, Part 3. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
PRESS, J R; SHRESTHA, K K; SUTTON, D A (2000) Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal. The Natural History Museum, London, UK.
RAJBHANDARI, K R (2002) Flora of Nepal: 200 years’s march. In NOSHIRO, S; RAJBHANDARI, K R (eds) Himalayn botany in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The Society of Himalayan Botany, Tokyo, Japan.
RAJBHANDARI, K R ; ADHIKARI, M K (2009) Endemic flowering plants of Nepal, Part 1. DPR Bull. Sp. Publication No.1, DPR, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.
RAJBHANDARI, K R; DHUNGANA, S K (2010) Endemic flowering plants of Nepal, Part 2. DPR Bull. Sp. Publication No.2, DPR, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.
RASKOTI, B B; KURZWEIL, H (2015) Odontochilus nandae (Orchidaceae; Cranichidae; Goodyerinae), a new species from Nepal. Phytotaxa 233(3): 293–297.
RASKOTI, B B (2009) The orchids of Nepal. Quality Printers, Kathmandu, Nepal.
RASTOKI, B B (2015) A new species of Gastrochilus and new records for the orchids of Nepal. Phytotaxa 233(3): 179–184.
SHAKYA, L R; CHAUDHARY, R P (1999) Taxonomy of Oberonia rufilabris (Orchidaceae) and allied new species from the Himalaya. Harvard Papers in Botany 4(1): 357–363.
STAINTON, J D A (1972) Forest of Nepal. John Murray, London, UK.
SUBEDI, A (2002) Orchids around Pokhara valley of Nepal. LI-BIRD Occasional Paper No.: 1. Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD), Pokhara, Nepal.
SUBEDI, A; CHAUDHARY, R P ; VERMEULEN, J J ; GRAVENDEEL, B (2011) Panisea panchaseensis sp. Nov. (Orchidaceae) from central Nepal. Nord J of Bot 29: 361–365.
SUBEDI, A; SUBEDI, N; CHAUDHARY, R P (2007) Panchase Forest: an extraordinary place for wild orchids in Nepal. Pleione 1: 23–31.
VETAAS, O R; GRYTNES, J A (2002) Distribution of vascular plant species richness and endemic richness along the Himalayan elevation gradient in Nepal. Global Ecol Biogeogr 11: 291–301.
WATSON, M F; MKIYAMA, S; IKEDA, H; PENDRY, C; RAJBHANDARI, K R; SHRESTHA, K K (eds) (2011) Flora of Nepal, Vol. 3. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, UK.
WU, Z; RAVEN, P H; HONG, D (1994-2008) Flora of China, Vol 4, 8, 11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 25.