Status of glycemic control and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A descriptive cross-sectional study


  • Sarbottam Koirala Department of Internal Medicine, Seti Provincial Hospital, Dhangadhi, Nepal
  • Rano Mal Piryani Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Medical Education, Bilawal Medical College, Pakistan
  • Akash Shahi Department of Internal Medicine, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Shristi Bhandari Department of Dentistry, Kantipur Dental Home and Institute, Dhangadhi, Nepal
  • Sanjay Shah Department of Anaesthesia, CP Hospital, Dhangadhi, Nepal
  • Smita Bashyal Medical Officer, Crimson Hospital, Tilottama, Nepal



Dyslipidemia, HbA1c, lipid profile, Type 2 diabetes mellitus


Introduction: Dyslipidemia in diabetes mellitus is commonly seen in the form of high total cholesterol (TC), high lowdensity lipoprotein (LDL), high triglyceride (TG) and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. This study was done to study the association of glycemic control with lipid profile in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients.

Methods:This was a cross sectional, observational study conducted from December 2018 to June 2020 at Universal College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bhairahawa. It involved 125 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus (68 males and 57 females), who visited in outpatient department of Internal Medicine. Laboratory tests [(Fasting Blood Sugar(FBS), Post Prandial Blood Sugar (PPBS), Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c), Renal Function Test (RFT) and Fasting Lipid Profile] were noted. The data was analyzed with SPSS Version 25. Descriptive statistics like frequency, percentage,
mean and standard deviation (SD) were calculated. Independent t-test was used to measure the association between glycated hemoglobin with blood glucose level and glycated hemoglobin with lipid profile.

Results: The study patients were categorized into two groups on the basis of HbA1C level [(good glycemic control ≤7 (n=33) and poor glycemic control >7 (n=92)]. In good glycemic control the mean TC was 143.30, LDL 71.88, HDL 43.70, VLDL 29.55, TG 134.39 mg/dl while in poor glycemic control the mean TC was 182.47, LDL 114.85, HDL 32.03. VLDL 36.61, TG 179.33 mg/dl with p-value <0.05.

Conclusions: There was significant positive association of HbA1c with TC, LDL, VLDL, TG and significant negative association with HDL.


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How to Cite

Koirala, S., Piryani, R. M., Shahi, A., Bhandari, S., Shah, S., & Bashyal, S. (2023). Status of glycemic control and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A descriptive cross-sectional study. Journal of Gandaki Medical College-Nepal, 16(2), 100–104.



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