Short Stature in Children Visiting Endocrine Out Patient Department of Kanti Children’s Hospital, Nepal

A retrospective review

Authors

  • Anupama Kumari Yadav Kanti Children's Hospital
  • Subhana Thapa Karki Kanti Children's Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v17i1.36053

Keywords:

Constitutional Short Stature, Familial Short Stature, Pathological Short Stature

Abstract

Introduction: The causes of Short Stature in children are different in different countries. It can vary from endocrine to non-endocrine. This study was conducted to identify the causes of short stature in children who are brought in Endocrine Out Patient Department of Kanti Children’s Hospital.

Methods: This is a retrospective study done at Endocrine Out Patient Department of Kanti Children’s Hospital for ten year duration. One Hundred and Twenty five Children who were brought with chief complain of not gaining height were included.  Children’s were evaluated for causes of short stature.

Results: Male and Female ratio was 1.2:1. The commonest cause seen was Familial Short Stature 41(32.8%), Constitutional 22(17.6%), Hypothyroidism 20 (16%), Syndromic 13 (10.4%), Skeletal Dysplasia 10 (8%), Malnutrition 10 (8%), Chronic Diseases 7 (5.6%) and Growth Hormone Deficiency 2 (1.6%).

Conclusions: This study showed  Familial and Constitutional short stature as leading cause of short stature.  Hypothyroidism and Malnutrition account for significant percentage which are treatable cause. Down’s syndrome(40%) and Turner Syndrome(7.6%) are the main genetic causes of short stature.

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Author Biography

Subhana Thapa Karki, Kanti Children's Hospital

Associate Professor, NAMS

Senior Consultant Pediatrician, Kanti Children's Hospital

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Published

2021-03-31

How to Cite

Yadav, A. K., & Karki, S. T. (2021). Short Stature in Children Visiting Endocrine Out Patient Department of Kanti Children’s Hospital, Nepal: A retrospective review. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, 17(1), 55–60. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v17i1.36053

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Section

Original Articles