Conventional Pap Smear Cytology in a Tertiary Care Center

Authors

  • Tika Kumari Gurung Nesog
  • Shree Prasad Adhikari Paropakar Matri Shishu Hospital
  • Ayushma Adhikari Gandaki Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Reecha Shrestha Gandaki Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Chum Maya Pun Pokhara Academy of Health Science
  • Chum Maya Pun Pokhara Academy of Health Science

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v17i2.33403

Abstract

Abstract:

Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women with high mortality. Since it is a preventable cancer, screening for cervical cancer with Papanicolaou test (Pap Test) is considered as the stepping stone in its cure by detecting  at its premalignant state. The two methods of acquiring the sample for cytology are Conventional method and liquid based cytology.

Methods:  The Pap test  results of the patients who visited the outpatient clinic of the Gynecologic Department of Gandaki Medical College and Teaching Hospital from January 2012 to December 2017 were reviewed and analyzed from the medical records. The findings of Pap test results were tabulated and categorized as per Bethesda system of classification (2001).

Results:  A total of 2004 Pap tests were taken. All of the patients in the study were married with mean age of 39.7±10.3 years. A total of 1291(64.42%) Pap tests were normal or negative for intraepithelial lesion whereas 578(28.84%) were inflammatory smears while 37(1.85%) were inadequate for evaluation. There was a presence of low grade intraepithelial lesion in 4(0.2%)  and high grade intraepithelial lesion in 15(0.75%). Atypical squamous cell of undetermined significance (ASCUS) was noted in 11(0.55%) and frank malignancy was noted in 1(0.05%) of total Pap test samples.

Conclusion: In a developing country like Nepal, Pap test is still the preferred cervical cancer screening tool. All women should undergo the screening test for cervical cancer with any feasible available test.

Key words: Bethesda system; cervical cancer; HPV; Pap Test.

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Author Biographies

Shree Prasad Adhikari, Paropakar Matri Shishu Hospital

Chief Consultant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Ayushma Adhikari, Gandaki Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Reecha Shrestha, Gandaki Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Chum Maya Pun, Pokhara Academy of Health Science

Registrar Obstetrician and Gynecologist

Chum Maya Pun, Pokhara Academy of Health Science

Registrar Obstetrician and Gynecologist

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Gurung, T. K., Adhikari, S. P., Adhikari, A., Shrestha, R., Pun, C. M., & Pun, C. M. (2021). Conventional Pap Smear Cytology in a Tertiary Care Center . Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, 17(2), 117–123. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v17i2.33403

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Original Articles