Demographic Profile of Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy at a Tertiary Care Centre in Central Nepal

Authors

  • Narayan Prasad Belbase College of medical Sciences,Bharatpur,Chitwan,Nepal
  • Mukesh Karki
  • Kush Raj Dewan
  • Rohit Mishra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v17i1.33346

Keywords:

Colonoscopy,lower gastrointestinal tract,colorectal cancer,ulcerative colitis,haemorrhoids

Abstract

Introduction: Colonoscopy is one of the useful diagnostic tool to evaluate lower gastrointestinal tract. The
aim of this study was to evaluate patient characteristics, common symptoms, colonoscopic
findings and histopathology findings by reviewing colonoscopy procedures.

Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted at College of Medical Sciences and teaching hospital, Bharatpur, Nepal over a period of three years (1st January 2017 – 31st December 2019). Census sampling method was used to retrieve the data. Patients characteristics, indications, duration of symptoms and findings were retrieved from the endoscopy record register and histopathology finding of those patients whose biopsy were taken were retrieved from the pathology department record file. 

Results: Over a three years period 324 colonoscopy were reviewed.The mean age of the study population
was 48.77+/-17.35 years. Male to female ratio was 1.38:1. The most common indication for
colonoscopy was pain abdomen with mucus in stool in 25.3% patients followed by bleeding
per rectum in 21.3% patients. Other than normal colonoscopy the most common findings were
Haemorrhoids in 20.1% patients and inflammatory or ulcerative lesions in 17.6% patients.
Colorectal malignancy was seen in 6.48% patients. Colonoscopic biopsy was done in 114
patients. The common biopsy findings were ulcerative colitis in 12.7%, adenomatous polyp
in 6.8%, adenocarcinoma in 6.5% of the total study patients.Poorly differentiated carcinoma
was found more in the younger age group and males were more commonly affected with
colorectal cancers than females.
Conclusions: The most common indication for colonoscopy was pain abdomen with mucus in stool in
25.3% patients. The common findings were Haemorrhoids in 20.1% patients and inflammatory
or ulcerative lesions in 17.6% patients. Colorectal malignancy was seen in 6.48% patients.
The common biopsy findings were ulcerative colitis in 12.7%, adenomatous polyp in 6.8%,
adenocarcinoma in 6.5% of the total study patients. Males were more commonly affected with
colorectal cancers than females.
Keywords: Colonoscopy, lower gastrointestinal tract, colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis,
haemorrhoids.

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Author Biography

Narayan Prasad Belbase, College of medical Sciences,Bharatpur,Chitwan,Nepal

Lecturer,Department of GI and General Surgery

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Published

2021-03-31

How to Cite

Belbase, N. P., Karki, M., Dewan, K. R., & Mishra, R. (2021). Demographic Profile of Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy at a Tertiary Care Centre in Central Nepal. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, 17(1), 16–22. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v17i1.33346

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Section

Original Articles