Intra-articular lignocaine as a means of analgesia during manual reduction of acute anterior shoulder dislocation

Authors

  • Manoj Kadel Department of Orthopaedics, Government Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan
  • Shrawan Kumar Thapa Department of Orthopaedics, Government Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan
  • Rudra Marasini Department of Orthopaedics, Government Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan
  • Sushil Thapa Department of Orthopaedics, Government Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan
  • Shankar Dhakal Department of Orthopaedics, Government Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan
  • Robin Shrestha Department of Orthopaedics, Government Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v12i3.16015

Keywords:

Acute anterior shoulder dislocation, intra-articular local lignocaine injection, visual analogue scale

Abstract

Background & Objectives: Acute anterior shoulder dislocation needs prompt reduction of the dislocation. The ideal reduction method should be simple, fast, effective and non- traumatic, with minimal pain, and should not cause further injury to the affected shoulder. Intra-articular local lignocaine injection is a means of achieving analgesia with less complication, and allowing prompt patient discharge of patient after reduction. The study was conducted with objective to evaluate the effectiveness of intra-articular lignocaine for reduction of acute anterior shoulder dislocation.

Materials & Methods: Twenty- one cases of acute anterior shoulder dislocation were reduced using intra-articular local lignocaine injection as a method of analgesia by modified Hippocrates method.

Results: The mean age was 44.71 years ± SD 20.14 while 11 cases were reduced with one to six hours of injury. Pain assessed through application of a visual analogue scale during the maneuver revealed scores ranging from two to eight with mean score of 4.29 ± SD 1.55.

Conclusion: This method is not only safe and effective but also reduces hospital stay and has negligible adverse effects making it a popular choice for most orthopedists.

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Published

2016-11-23

How to Cite

Kadel, M., Thapa, S. K., Marasini, R., Thapa, S., Dhakal, S., & Shrestha, R. (2016). Intra-articular lignocaine as a means of analgesia during manual reduction of acute anterior shoulder dislocation. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, 12(3), 108–110. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v12i3.16015

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Original Articles