Journal of Advanced Academic Research https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR <p>A peer-reviewed six monthly journal published by the Centre of Excellence for PhD Studies, Babarmahal, Kathmandu.</p> en-US <p>Copyright © Centre of Excellence for PhD Studies (PhD Centre)</p><p>All rights reserved. Authors are responsible for obtaining permissions to reproduce copyright material from other sources. The publisher assumes no responsibility for any statement of fact or opinion or copyright violations in the published papers. The views expressed by authors/researchers do not necessarily represent the viewpoint of the organisation.</p> tatwa@ica-nepal.org (Dr Tatwa P Timsina) sioux.cumming@ubiquitypress.com (Sioux Cumming) Tue, 29 Mar 2022 08:14:43 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Retraction Notice for "Knowledge on Pre-conception Care among Reproductive Age Women" https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44535 <p>On 19th April 2022 the Editorial Board of the Journal of Advanced Academic Research agreed to retract the article ‘<strong>Knowledge on Pre-conception Care among Reproductive Age Women</strong>’ published in the Journal of Advanced Academic Research, Vol.9(1) pages 13-20 (DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v9i1.44040">https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v9i1.44040 </a>) ) as it was found to be the same as the article ‘<strong>Knowledge on Pre-conception Care among Reproductive Age Women’ </strong>published in the Saudi Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.2(1) pages 1-6, <a href="http://scholarsmepub.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/SJMPS-211-6.pdf">http://scholarsmepub.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/SJMPS-211-6.pdf</a></p> Editorial Board Copyright (c) 2022 Centre of Excellence for PhD Studies (PhD Centre) https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44535 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SOAR as an Effective Community-based Response in Anti-Trafficking Movements https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44039 <p>Grounded in the narratives of women from rural communities who were forced to migrate to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, and later India, this paper critically examines the meaningful involvement of trafficking survivors for sexual exploitation in anti-trafficking movement in Nepal. Using the SOAR (Stop, Observe, Ask, and Respond) model, this paper explores the community-based responses to address the issues of human trafficking and post-trafficking. This paper is guided by migratory and intersectionality frameworks. Using the frameworks, Participatory Action Research (PAR), a transformative and an empowerment methodology, was conducted with eight female trafficking survivors who were exploited for sexual exploitation. PAR was used to critically understand intersectional gender oppression &nbsp;&nbsp;escalated the vulnerability of women to trafficking and made the women “doubly victimized” in their post trafficking. &nbsp;Through engaging in the study process, PAR allowed survivors to critically understand their own oppression and develop strategies to effectively act towards ending forced migration and trafficking. Using a thematic analysis, the collected information was categorized, and coded. The research team included the researcher and the trafficking survivors, who are recognized as “co-researchers” in this paper,&nbsp;identified and used a wide range of pragmatic approaches and tools such as street dramas, interactive sessions, peer interviews and meetings with political leaders. These approaches provided the survivors with an opportunity not only to share their voices and experiences on migration and trafficking, but also to highlight transformative impacts, including personal and social transformation.</p> Rita Dhungel Copyright (c) 2022 https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44039 Tue, 29 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 RETRACTED: Knowledge on Pre-conception Care among Reproductive Age Women https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44040 <p>The following retraction notice for this article appears in Vol.9(1) 2022 <a href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v9i1.44535">https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v9i1.44535 </a></p> <p>On 19th April 2022 the Editorial Board of the Journal of Advanced Academic Research agreed to retract the article ‘<strong>Knowledge on Pre-conception Care among Reproductive Age Women</strong>’ published in the Journal of Advanced Academic Research, Vol.9(1) pages 13-20 (DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v9i1.44040">https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v9i1.44040 </a>) ) as it was found to be the same as the article ‘<strong>Knowledge on Pre-conception Care among Reproductive Age Women’ </strong>published in the Saudi Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.2(1) pages 1-6, <a href="http://scholarsmepub.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/SJMPS-211-6.pdf">http://scholarsmepub.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/SJMPS-211-6.pdf</a></p> Kanchan Gautam, Sushma Acharya, Saraswoti Kumari Gautam Bhattarai Copyright (c) 2022 Centre of Excellence for PhD Studies (PhD Centre) https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44040 Tue, 29 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Experiences of Sexual Harassment among Nurses in a Tertiary Hospital https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44041 <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Sexual harassment among nurses is a major issue of work place, health and safety that seriously affects patient care. It is more common among nurses. The aim of this study was to identify experiences of sexual harassment among nurses in a tertiary hospital.</p> <p><strong>Method: </strong>A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to find out the experience of sexual harassment among nurses. Two hundred and twenty-three, nurses working in a tertiary hospital were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected through structured, self-administered questionnaire. Ethical approval was obtained from Institutional Review Committee Institute of Medicine Kathmandu. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (version 16)</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The mean age of the nurses was 29.6 (SD ± 7.4) years and 57.0% were married.&nbsp; Most of the nurses (85.2%) performed as roster basis in all shifts (rotation; morning, evening and night) duty and 15.2% of the nurses were from emergency ward. Median duration of work experience was 4.17 years (range= 6months to 31 years). Total 18.5% nurses had experienced some kinds of sexual harassment in their workplace. More than half (53.8%) each were harassed by doctors and visitors; 46.2% of the nurses were harassed in emergency/ general ward/ operation theatre; 30.8% were harassed at bed side; 38.5% were harassed in the evening shift and 66.7% were harassed when they are working alone. Likewise, 28.2% reported the incident of sexual harassment; 90.9% reported verbally and 89.7% suggested that hospital need to develop policy against sexual harassment. Nurses with night shift duty (100.0%), PCL/ B. Sc level of education (20.0%), unmarried (21.8%), staff nurse (201.7%), slim body (21.3%), fierce nature (33.3%) and beautiful looks (29.8%) were more frequently victimized but that was not statistically significant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Workplace sexual harassment is frequent among nurses working at tertiary hospital. However, reporting rate is very low due to fear of negative consequences and lack of knowledge about how and where to report. Proper policy, law and reporting mechanism should be developed to combat sexual harassment among nurses.</p> Apsara Pandey, Lalita Rai, Devaka Kumari Acharya, Bhuwan Kumari Dangol Copyright (c) 2022 https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44041 Tue, 29 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Quality Assurance of Academic Organisations – A Comparative Study of ISO 9001, ISO 21001 and QAA (UGC Nepal) https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44049 <p>With the establishment of the first school in 1853, the era of modern education began in Nepal. Though it was aimed only for the members of the ruling families and their courtiers, it attracted the interest of the ordinary people as well. After about 100 years later, schooling for the general people began in 1951 after the over throw of autocratic <a name="_Toc402285666"></a>regime. Even after these seven decades of educational history, the quality of education system in Nepal is still poor. After the introduction of the private education system, the gap between poor and rich in terms of education has widened.</p> <p>Like in many countries, School Education in Nepal comprises Primary Level, Middle School/Lower Secondary Level (SLC), High School/ Secondary Level and +2/ Higher Secondary Level. Bachelor's/Undergraduate Level, Master's Level/Graduate/Degree Level, Post Graduate, MPhil Level and PhD Doctoral Level are the part of Higher Education system.</p> Tatwa P Timsina Copyright (c) 2022 https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44049 Tue, 29 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Compliance on Diet and Exercise among Diabetic Patient in Referral Hospital of Morang District https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44052 <p>Diabetes is a serious health problem that threatens the quality of life of with diabetes, the success of long term maintenance therapy for diabetes depends largely on the patient compliance with diet and exercise. Thus, this study aim to assess the compliance on Diet and Exercise among diabetic patient in a Referral Hospital of Morang District.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among type 2 diabetic patient in medical OPD of Koshi Hospital through face to face interview Data were organized, verified and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 17.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> A total of 141 participants were included in this study, of them 55.3% were males. The rate of compliance to diet and exercise was 48.2% and 22.7%, respectively. Compliance to diet was higher in people of age above 50 years (p=0.029) and those who are single (p=0.037), patient with duration of diagnosis less than 5 years (p=0.01) and those who had dietary counselling (p=0.007). The rate of compliance to exercise among type-2 diabetes patients in Morang district was low, and it could be attributed to a combination of several socio-demographic and clinical factors.</p> Shashi Sharma Rijal, Diksha Paudel, Bhawana Bhandari, Takma KC, Uttar Mainali, Pratiksha Chapagain, Sandhya Basnet Copyright (c) 2022 https://nepjol.info/index.php/JAAR/article/view/44052 Tue, 29 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000