The Assessment of Solid Waste Products Management in Ethiopians Municipal Urban Areas
Keywords:Solid Waste Management, source reduction, composting, biogas, incineration, landfill
Due to the rapid and immense quantities of solid wastes products in our city, municipality and urban areas have been increasing day by day due to developments of new Industries. As a result of increasing number of Industries a huge amount of wastes is produced daily in all developing nations and Ethiopia being among them and has surpassed the USA as the world’s largest solid waste (SWM) generator since 2004. The phenomena and critical issues of SW in Ethiopia has inspired this paper to investigate and analyze the SW in an urban area of Ethiopia by comparing the increasing rates of the SW generation with Solid Waste Management (SWM). It is noted that very little effort is being made in handling Solid waste management (SWM) which is one of the public service areas where effectiveness can be easily be gauged, and should not be regarded as a matter of luxury. Addis Ababa in general faces problems which are associated with poor SWM. This study deals with the assessment of Governance in SWM in Addis Sub city. Therefore governance is used as a framework for the study because currently it dominates development discourse and governance policies are implemented by governments aiming at improving urban services such as SWM. The paper has employed both qualitative and quantitative approach with descriptive types of research. Quantitative data was analyzed using statistical tools whereas qualitative data was analyzed in narrative explanation and discussion. The main findings revealed in the paper are: containers are not properly emptied on time, insufficient of support from SWM office, due to the absence of processing and recovery system by MSEs, lack of awareness and poor public attitude towards solid waste management, weak monitoring and evaluation system.
Int. J. Soc. Sci. Manage. Vol-2, issue-2: 165-179