Growth and chlorophyll fluorescence under salinity stress in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.)
Keywords:Growth, Chlorophyll fluorescence, Salinity stress, Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.)
This study was carried out in the General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), Syria, at Der EzZour Agricultural Research Center, from 2008-2010, to examine the effect of salt conditions on some growth attributes and chlorophyll fluorescence in 10 Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) genotypes under salinity stress. Sugar beet plants were irrigated with saline water, having electrical conductivity ranged from 8.6-10 dS.m-1during first year and 8.4-10.4 dS.m-1 during second year. A randomized completely block design with three replicates was used. The results showed that all studied growth attributes, leaf area, leaf number, relative growth rate, and net assimilation rate were decreased in salinity stress conditions compared to the controlled state. The findings indicated that salinity caused a decrement of light utilizing through increased values of fluorescence origin (fo), decreased values of fluorescence maximum (fm), and maximum yield of quantum in photosystem-II (fv/fm). Genotypes differed significantly in all studied attributes except in leaf number. Under salt conditions, Brigitta (monogerm) achieved an increase in net assimilation rate, while Kawimera (multigerm) achieved the lowest decrement in quantum yield in photosystem-II. Further studies are necessary to correlate the yield with yield components under similar conditions to determine the most tolerant genotype.
International Journal of Environment Vol.3(1) 2014: 1-9
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