Effective Chromium (VI) Removal from Contaminated Water by Chemically Modified Litchi Chinensis Seed Powder: Characterization, Kinetic and Isotherm Studies

Authors

  • Rajan Rai Department of Chemistry, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Maya Pokharel Department of Chemistry, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Devendra Khadka Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Tansen, Palpa, Nepal
  • Janaki Baral Department of Chemistry, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Dasu Ram Paudel Department of Chemistry, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Surendra Kumar Gautam Department of Chemistry, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Megh Raj Pokhrel Central Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Bhoj Raj Poudel Department of Chemistry, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7134-5506

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ije.v12i2.65442

Keywords:

Adsorption, Biosorbent, Hexavalent chromium, Litchi seed, Wastewater treatment

Abstract

In this work, Litchi chinensis seed powder has been chemically modified to charred Litchi chinensis seed powder (CLCS) for removal of Cr(VI) from the simulated wastewater. The adsorption capacity of CLCS for Cr(VI) was determined in batch experiment method. The materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Biosorption behaviour was investigated using isotherm and kinetic models. CLCS demonstrated a noteworthy adsorption capacity for Cr(VI), with a maximum adsorption capacity of 69.93 mg/g at pH 2.0. The Cr(VI) adsorption onto CLCS was found to follow pseudo-second-order kinetics and the experimental data best fitted with Langmuir isotherm model. According to the results, Cr(VI) can be removed from acidic wastewater using CLCS as an adsorbent. The results indicate that further studies and modification are necessary to improve the efficiency of the CLCS, and its feasibility at normal pH conditions.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Rai, R., Pokharel, M., Khadka, D., Baral, J., Paudel, D. R., Gautam, S. K., Pokhrel, M. R., & Poudel, B. R. (2023). Effective Chromium (VI) Removal from Contaminated Water by Chemically Modified Litchi Chinensis Seed Powder: Characterization, Kinetic and Isotherm Studies. International Journal of Environment, 12(2), 83–102. https://doi.org/10.3126/ije.v12i2.65442

Issue

Section

Research Article