Diversity, Distribution and Morphology of Wild Mushrooms Collected from Gajni Forest of Bangladesh
A survey was carried out in Gajni forest from June to August of 2017 and 2018 to document the diversity, distribution and morphological characterization of wild mushrooms. A total of 32 mushroom samples were collected and identified to 28 species belonging to 11 genera, under 8 families. Ganoderma sp. was found abundantly in the survey area among the other collected species and it exhibited the maximum frequency of occurrence (75%), whereas the maximum density (20.50%) was recorded for Agaricus bitorquis and the dominant host was Shal tree (Shorea robusta). The dominant genera were Ganoderma, Agaricus, Trametes, Volvariella and Amanita. The dominant family of collected wild mushrooms was Ganodermataceae followed by Polyporaceae, Agaricaceae, Amanitaceae, Rusullaceae, Pluteaceae, Marasmiaceae and Strophariaceae. Among collected species, 5 species were found edible, 12 species had medicinal value and 11 species were inedible, poisonous or of unknown importance. The specimens were deposited to the Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University Herbarium of Macro Fungi (SHMF). This is a report of wild mushrooms diversity and their distribution in the Gajni forest region of Bangladesh. This study was asserted that a wide range of mushroom plays an important role in the ecosystem of Gajni forest and might be useful in food and industry sector in future.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Environment
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The author(s) acknowledge that the manuscript submitted is his/her/their own original work; all authors participated in the work in a substantive way and are prepared to take public responsibility for the work; all authors have seen and approved the manuscript as submitted; the manuscript has not been published and is not being submitted or considered for publication elsewhere; the text, illustrations, and any other materials included in the manuscript do not infringe(plagiarism) upon any existing copyright or other rights of anyone.
Notwithstanding the above, the Contributor(s) or, if applicable the Contributor’s Employer, retain(s) all proprietary rights other than copyright, such as Patent rights; to use, free of charge, all parts of this article for the author’s future works in books, lectures, classroom teaching or oral presentations; the right to reproduce the article for their own purposes provided the copies are not offered for sale.
The copyright to the contribution identified is transferred to IJE.