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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • When available, the URLs to access references online are provided, including those for open access versions of the reference. The URLs are ready to click (e.g.,
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review) have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Aims and Scope: Botanica Orientalis (BOTOR) is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal published by the Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University on annual basis. The journal publishes original articles covering all areas of Plant Science. However, articles having the potentiality to improve our understanding of Himalayan biodiversity from ecological, taxonomic, biogeographical, evolutionary and ethnobotanical perspectives and with implications for their sustainable management are highly appreciated. Botanica Orientalis welcomes the submission of original research articles (4000-8000 words), short communications (<2000 words), subject reviews (max. 8000 words) and book reviews (max. 500 words).

Submissions: One copy of the manuscripts should be sent by e-mail to the Editor, Dr Suresh K Ghimire Manuscript can be submitted throughout the year and will be prioritized as first-come-first-basis. Electronic Word (.doc, .docx, .rtf) files can be submitted. During submission, the Corresponding Author must confirm that: (1) the manuscript has not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a thesis), or submitted for publication elsewhere, (2) all authors have read the manuscript and agreed to its submission, (3) the manuscript is written in standard English and is free from spelling and grammatical errors, and (4) the articles originating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the institution.

© Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Botanica Orientalis

General terms of publication:

  • All submitted works are subject to peer review and revision at the discretion of the editors.
  • The authors have followed Instructions for Contributors.
  • Editorial board reserves the ultimate right to accept or reject the article(s).
  • Manuscripts reporting on research done ten or more years ago will not be accepted for publication.
  • Illustrations and text reproduced from other sources must be credited. The author(s) will be fully responsible to obtain permission for the use of such references.

Peer Review: Any contribution fulfilling the scope of the journal and meeting all the preconditions will be forwarded for rigorous peer review. Submitted manuscripts are therefore expected to meet standards of academic excellence. Reviewers will be selected as recommended by the editorial board. After acceptance, manuscripts may be edited for style and clarity. Proofs are sent to authors as a PDF file attached to an e-mail.

Organization of manuscripts: The first (title) page must include: a concise and informative title, an abbreviated running title (up to 50 characters including spaces), full name(s) of author(s), name and address of the institution(s) where the work was done, full mailing address, telephone number and email address of the corresponding author. The second page should contain an abstract (<250 words) which should be self-contained and citation-free (which, independently of the main text, succinctly expresses the purpose, methods, results and implications of the study); and six keyword entries (words, arranged in an alphabetical order, other than those mentioned in the title).
Research papers (normally 4000-8000 words) will further comprise such sections as: introduction (this section should be succinct, with no subheadings), materials and methods (details of study area, analyses, sources of data), results, discussion, acknowledgments, and references. Figure legends, figures, and tables must be included separately at the end after reference section.
Short communications (<2000 words) should normally follow the above format, though results and discussion sections can be combined if preferred.
Review Articles (<8,000 words) are typically solicited by the editors, but can be submitted after an initial contact with the editor. Reviews will be concise reports on an area of interest and they should include the title page and abstract as described above and other sections as required.


Typescript: Manuscripts must be double-spaced (page format: A4; font: Times New Roman, 12 pt) with wide margins, in good English and must be submitted electronically, together with one set of originals of any illustrations (in high resolution). All pages must be numbered.

Units of Measurement: Units of measurement should be presented simply and concisely using System International (SI) units.

Figures: Figures may be line drawings, photographs, or free-hand drawing. Each figure should be supplied in a separate electronic file (preferably JPEG, BMP, TIFF). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least. Figures should be simple, clear and noticeable. All figures should be cited in the paper in a consecutive order. Numbering should be clear according to the sequence, such as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. both in caption and text.

Tables: Table(s) must be printed in their final size without reduction. Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. If table is cited more than once, it should be referred as Table 1, Table 2 and so on. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading.

References: References should be limited to published work, work in press, theses and dissertations, or technical reports. Unpublished studies and personal communications should be referred to in the text only, using the author's initials and surname. References should be indicated in the text by surname of the author(s) with the year of publication as shown below. For works with two authors, cite as Briggs and Walters (1997) or (Briggs and Walters 1997); where there are more than two authors, cite as Bhattarai et al. (2006) or (Bhattarai et al. 2006). Two or more references are separated by semicolons and appear in chronological order (e.g., Briggs and Walters 1997; Klimeš et al. 1997; van Kleunen 2007). Internet-based materials should be limited to the information available on an official web site.

All sources cited in the text should be included in the reference section listed at the end of the paper. In this section, all authors and the full title of paper or book must be given. Reference must be arranged first alphabetically under author(s) name and then in chronological orders if several papers or books by the same authors are cited. References to more than one publication by an author in the same year should be distinguished by the letters a, b, c, etc., in the order in which they are mentioned in the text. Book titles should be followed by the editor(s) (where appropriate), publisher and place of publication. Journal titles should be given in full together with volume number, and first and last pages of the article.Do not use such terms as Op. cit. or Ibid.

References should be set out as follows:

Briggs D. and Walters S.M. 1997. Plant Variation and Evolution. Cambridge University Press, London, UK.

Article in edited book:
Klimeš L., Klimešová J., Hendriks R. and van Groenendael J. 1997. Clonal plant architecture: a comparative analysis of form and function. In: The Ecology and Evolution of Clonal Plants (H. de Kroon and J. van Groenendael, eds.), pp. 1-29. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Pandit B.H. 2003. Prospects of Promoting Non-timber Forest Products in the Mountains of Nepal. Ph.D. Thesis, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.

Technical report:
ANSAB, 1997. Forest Products Market/Enterprise Option Study. Final Report. Asia Network for Small Scale Agricultural Bioresources (ANSAB), Kathmandu, Nepal.

Journal article:
van Kleunen M. 2007. Adaptive genetic differentiation in lifehistory traits between populations of Mimulus guttatus with annual and perennial life-cycles. Evolutionary Ecology 21: 185–199.

Open access journal:
Bhattarai S., Chaudhary R.P. and Taylor R.S.L. 2006. Ethnomedicinal plants used by the people of Manang district, Central Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:41 [online] URL: 1/41.

Other web-based literature: ICIMOD 2005. Issues in Sustainable Mountain Development. [online] URL: (assessed 19 Dec. 2008).

Privacy Statement

Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) is a member of the Ubiquity Partner Network coordinated by Ubiquity Press. According to the EU definitions, NepJOL is the data controller, and Ubiquity Press are the service providers and data processors. Ubiquity Press provide the technical platform and some publishing services to NepJOL and operate under the principle of data minimisation where only the minimal amount of personal data that is required to carry out a task is obtained.

More information on the type of data that is required can be found in Ubiquity Press’ privacy policy below.

Ubiquity Press Privacy Policy

We take seriously our duty to process your personal data in a fair and transparent way. We collect and manage user data according to the following Privacy Policy. This document is part of our Terms of Service, and by using the press portal, affiliated journals, book, conference and repository websites (the “Websites”), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Service. Please read the Terms of Service in their entirety, and refer to those for definitions and contacts.

What type of personal data do we handle?

There are four main categories of personal data stored by our journal platform, our press platform, and our book management system; Website User data, Author data, Reviewer data and Editor data.

The minimum personal data that are stored are:

  • full name
  • email address
  • affiliation (department, and institution)
  • country of residence

Optionally, the user can provide:

  • salutation
  • gender
  • associated URL
  • phone number
  • fax number
  • reviewing interests
  • mailing address
  • ORCiD
  • a short biography
  • interests
  • Twitter profile
  • LinkedIn profile
  • ImpactStory profile
  • profile picture

The data subjects have complete control of this data through their profile, and can request for it to be removed by contacting

What do we do to keep that data secure?

We regularly backup our databases, and we use reliable cloud service providers (Amazon, Google Cloud, Linode) to ensure they are kept securely. Backups are regularly rotated and the old data is permanently deleted. We have a clear internal data handling policy, restricting access to the data and backups to key employees only. In case of a data breach, we will report the breach to the affected users, and to the press/journal contacts within 72 hours.

How do we use the data?

Personal information is only used to deliver the services provided by the publisher. Personal data is not shared externally except for author names, affiliations, emails, and links to ORCiD and social media accounts (if provided) in published articles and books which are displayed as part of the article/book and shared externally to indexes and databases. If a journal operates under open peer review then the reviewer details are published alongside the reviewer details.

How we collect and use your data:

1. When using the website

1.1 what data we collect

  • When you browse our website, we collect anonymised data about your use of the website; for example, we collect information about which pages you view, which files you download, what browser you are using, and when you were using the site.
  • When you comment on an article or book using Disqus, we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the DISQUS privacy policy can be found on their website.
  • When you annotate an article or book, this is done via a 3rd party plugin to the website called In using this plugin we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the privacy policy can be found on their website.

1.2 why we collect the data

  • We use anonymised website usage data to monitor traffic, help fix bugs, and see overall patterns that inform future redesigns of the website, and provide reports on how frequently the publications on our site have been accessed from within their IP ranges.

1.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not collect personal information that can be used to identify you when you browse the website.
  • We currently use Google Analytics for publication reports, and to improve the website and services through traffic analysis, but no personal identifying data is shared with Google (for example your computer’s IP is anonymised before transmission).

1.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • Please contact to request a copy of your data, or for your data to be removed/anonymised.

2. When registering as an author, and submitting an article or book

2.1 what data we collect

  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • As part of submitting an article for publication, you will need to provide personally identifying information which will be used for the peer review process, and will be published. This can include ‘Affiliation’, ‘Competing interests’, ‘Acknowledgements’.

2.2 why we collect the data

  • Registering an account allows you to log in, manage your profile, and participate as an author/reviewer/editor. We use cookies and session information to streamline your use of the website (for example in order for you to remain logged-in when you return to a journal). You can block or delete cookies and still be able to use the websites, although if you do you will then need to enter your username and password to login. In order to take advantage of certain features of the websites, you may also choose to provide us with other personal information, such as your ORCiD, but your decision to utilize these features and provide such data will always be voluntary.
  • Personal data submitted with the article or book is collected to allow follow good publication ethics during the review process, and will form part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not share your personal information with third parties, other than as part of providing the publishing service.
  • As a registered author in the system you may be contacted by the journal editor to submit another article.
  • Any books published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats on the publisher’s site.
  • Any personal data accompanying an article or a book (that will have been added by the submitting author) is published alongside it. The published data includes the names, affiliations and email addresses of all authors.
  • Any articles published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in various formats (e.g. PDF, XML).
  • Ubiquity Press books and articles are typeset by SiliconChips and Diacritech.This process involves them receiving the book and book associated metadata and contacting the authors to finalise the layout. Ubiquity Press work with these suppliers to ensure that personal data is only used for the purposes of typesetting and proofing.
  • For physical purchases of books on the platform Ubiquity Press use print on demand services via Lightning Source who are responsible for printing and distribution via retailers. (For example; Amazon, Book Repository, Waterstones). Lightning Source’s privacy policy and details on data handling can be found on their website.

2.4 why we store the data

  • We store the account data so that you may choose to become a reviewer and be able to perform those tasks, or to become an author and submit an article and then track progress of that article.
  • Published personal data that accompanies an article or a book forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • You are able to view, change and remove your data associated with your profile. Should you choose to completely delete your account, please contact us at and we will follow up with your request as soon as possible.
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

3. When registering as a reviewer

3.1 what data we collect

  • To become a reviewer you must first register as a user on the website, and set your preference that you would like to be considered as a reviewer. No new personal data is collected when a registered user elects to become a reviewer.
  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • Reviewers can also be registered by editors who invite them to review a specific article. This requires the editor to provide the reviewer’s First Name, Last Name, and Email address. Normally this will be done as part of the process of inviting you to review the article or book.
  • On submitting a review, the reviewer includes a competing interest statement, they may answer questions about the quality of the article, and they will submit their recommendation.

3.2 why we collect the data

  • The data entered is used to invite the reviewer to peer review the article or book, and to contact the reviewer during and the review process.
  • If you submit a review then the details of your review, including your recommendation, your responses to any review form, your free-form responses, your competing interests statement, and any cover letter are recorded.

3.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • This data is not shared publicly and is only accessible by the Editor and system administrators of that journal or press.
  • The data will only be used in connection with that journal or press.
  • Data that is retained post final decision is kept to conform to publication ethics and best practice, to provide evidence of peer review, and to resolve any disputes relating to the peer review of the article or book.
  • For journals or presses that publish the peer reviews, you will be asked to give consent to your review being published, and a subset of the data you have submitted will become part of the published record.

3.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • If you would no longer like to be registered as a reviewer you can edit your profile and tick the box ‘stop being a reviewer’. This will remove you from the reviewer database, however any existing reviews you may have carried out will remain.
  • If you have been contacted by an editor to peer review an article this means that you have been registered in the system. If you would not like to be contacted for peer review you can reply to the email requesting that your data be deleted.

4. When being registered as a co-author

4.1 what data we collect

  • Co-author data is entered by the submitting author. The submitting author will already have a user account. According to standard publishing practice, the submitting author is responsible for obtaining the consent of their co-authors to be included (including having their personal data included) in the article/book being submitted to the journal/press.
  • The requested personal data for co-authors are at the bare minimum; first name, last name, institution, country, email address. This can also include; ORCID ID, Title, Middle Name, Biographical Statement, Department, Twitter Handle, Linkedin Profile Name or ImpactStory ID.

4.2 why we collect the data

  • Assuming that it is accepted for publication, this data forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.
  • Author names, affiliations and emails are required for publication and will become part of the permanent cited record.

4.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • The co-author’s personal data is stored in the author database. This personal data is only used in relation to the publication of the associated article.
  • Any co-author data collected is added to the author database and is only used in association with the article the user is co-author on.

4.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • To receive a copy of your data, please contact
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

5. When signing-up to receive newsletters

5.1 what data we collect

  • We require you to include your name and email address

5.2 why we collect and store the data, and for how long

  • This data would be collected to keep you updated with any news about the platform or specific journal

5.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We use mailchimp to provide our mailing list services. Their privacy policy can be found here

5.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data or want your data to be removed

  • All emails sent via our newsletter client will include a link that will allow you to unsubscribe from the mailing list

Notification about change of ownership or of control of data

We may choose to buy or sell assets. In the case that control of data changes to or from Ubiquity Press and a third party, or in the case of change of ownership of Ubiquity Press or of part of the business where the control of personal data is transferred, we will do our best to inform all affected users and present the options.

(Updated: 18 May 2018)