Documentation of flowering plants and ethnobotany in Jhilmil Lake area, Kanchanpur, Sudurpaschim Province

Authors

  • Man Dev Bhatt Department of Botany Siddhanath Science Campus, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Dirgha Raj Joshi Department of Botany, Siddhanath Science Campus, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Gauri Shankar Bhandari Resources Himalaya Foundation, Sanepa, Lalitpur
  • Sujan Maharjan Basin Management Center, Gandaki, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Dipesh Guragain Department of Forest and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Nepal
  • Pasang Tamang Department of Forest and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Nepal
  • Ripu Mardhan Kunwar Ethnobotanical Society of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9303-0932

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/banko.v33i1.52473

Keywords:

importance value index, relative frequency citation, Ethnomedicine, ethnomedicinal value

Abstract

Documentation of indigenous knowledge about plants plays a key role for conservation and utilization of plant resources. The present paper documents the diversity of plants and their traditional use in and around the Jhilmil Lake Area, one of the forest-dominated peri-urban areas of Kanchanpur district lying in Sudurpaschim Province. Vegetation sampling and ethnobotanical surveys were carried out twice between January, 2020 and January, 2021. Semi-structured questionnaire and checklists were used to record the use and distribution of the plant species and their conservation. A total of 126 plant species representing 52 families and 113 genera were reported. Among the total plants recorded, 114 (90.48 %) species were found to be ethnomedicinally used. The results showed that the use of plants as ethnomedicine was culturally motivated and less influenced by availability of the plants. The plant “importance value index” (IVI) was found to be negatively associated with the plant “relative frequency of citation” (RFC; p=0.057–0.790). The high RFC values of the trees and climbers hinted that the plant collection was subjectively oriented towards quality products. The findings suggested that the rare plants with high-use values such as Pterocarpus marsupium, Dalbergia latifolia, Rauvolfia serpentina, Citrus limonum, and Mussaenda frondosa should be prioritised for future conservation. It illustrates that lakes in forested areas are essential resources for plant diversity and local life because they include a variety of rare and useful local plant species

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Published

2023-12-20

How to Cite

Bhatt, M. D., Joshi, D. R., Bhandari, G. S., Maharjan, S., Guragain, D., Tamang, P., & Kunwar, R. M. (2023). Documentation of flowering plants and ethnobotany in Jhilmil Lake area, Kanchanpur, Sudurpaschim Province. Banko Janakari, 33(1), 46–59. https://doi.org/10.3126/banko.v33i1.52473

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Articles