A prospective comparative study of the intraoperative difficulties during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients taking homeopathic medications for cholelithiasis versus cholelithiasis patients with no history of homeopathic medication

Authors

  • Partha Pratim Mandal Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India https://orcid.org/0009-0001-9518-533X
  • Shivaji Mandal Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, Ramakrishna Mission Seva Pratishthan, Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India https://orcid.org/0009-0008-0879-557X
  • Nikhil Agrawal Assistant Professor, Department of General Surgery, Ramakrishna Mission Seva Pratishthan, Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India https://orcid.org/0009-0005-7504-7094
  • Debayan Chowdhury Senior Resident, Department of General Surgery, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India https://orcid.org/0009-0005-8778-7137

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v15i3.59601

Keywords:

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy; History of Gallbladder; Gallstone disease

Abstract

Background: Gallstone disease is one of the most prevalent gastrointestinal diseases with a substantial burden to health-care systems. Patients present with right upper quadrant pain, dyspepsia, nausea or vomiting. Owing to the side effects of allopathic drugs, many patients resort to homeopathic treatment for relief of pain. There are several homeopathic drugs that decrease the pain of cholecystitis as well as high cholesterol in these patients but cannot cure them off the disease. Finally, they come to general surgeon for cholecystectomy. We have noticed that performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in these patients is difficult and time consuming.

Aims and Objectives: To determine whether or not homeopathic medicine intake for treatment of cholelithiasis act as an independent factor that leads to intraoperative difficulties during LC.

Materials and Methods: Study design: A prospective randomized comparative study. Study period: July 2022–December 2023 (18 months). Study groups: Group H = Patients with history of (H/O) intake of homeopathic medicines for treatment of cholelithiasis = 60 patients, Group N = Patients with no H/O homeopathic medicine intake = 60 patients.

Results: Twenty-six (43.33%) patients in Group H and 11 (18.33%) patients in Group N had a difficult LC. 7 (11.67%) patients in Group H and 1 (1.67%) patient in Group N had dense adhesions around the gallbladder (GB). 13 (21.67%) patients of Group H and 3 (5%) patients of Group N had a Frozen Calot’s Triangle (fibrosis and difficult Calot’s triangle dissection). This was statistically significant.

Conclusion: Our study proved that intake of homeopathic medications for the treatment of cholelithiasis leads to dense adhesions around GB as well as fibrotic adhesions leading to difficult Calot’s triangle dissection leading to a difficult LC.

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Published

2024-03-01

How to Cite

Mandal, P. P., Mandal, S., Agrawal, N., & Chowdhury, D. (2024). A prospective comparative study of the intraoperative difficulties during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients taking homeopathic medications for cholelithiasis versus cholelithiasis patients with no history of homeopathic medication. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 15(3), 247–251. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v15i3.59601

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Original Articles