Association between serum albumin and cardiovascular diseases among adult population of Kaski district, Nepal

Authors

  • Naval Kishor Yadav Department of Biochemistry, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Daya Ram Pokharel Department of Biochemistry, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Goma Kathayat Department of Biochemistry, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Manoj Sigdel Department of Biochemistry, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Imran Hussain School of Life and Allied Health Sciences, Glocal University, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/acclm.v4i1.42678

Keywords:

Serum albumin, Cardiovascular diseases, Cardiovascular risk factors

Abstract

Background: Serum albumin is an abundant circulatory protein. Several studies were reported that a low level of serum albumin associated with a high risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) mortality. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate serum albumin levels and find out the association between serum albumin and CVDs and their correlation with cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Patients with confirmed CVDs were enrolled in this study while patients with CVDs plus acute or chronic liver and intestinal diseases were excluded in this study. Data were collected and analyzed by using SPSS version 21. P-value (two-tailed) < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: A total of 400 subjects were enrolled, out of which 200 healthy control (male 125 and female 75) and 200 patients with CVDs (male 130 and female 70). The mean level of total protein, albumin, globulin, and HDL-C were statistically (p<0.005) lower while TC, TG, and FBS were statistically (p<0.005) higher in CVDs sub-jects in compared to healthy control. The serum albumin was lower in 35 (17.5%) of patients with CVDs, out of which 19 (9.5%) were male and 16 (8.0%) were female. Serum albumin showed a statistically significant negative correlation with age (p=0.000) and a positive correlation with TC (p=0.000). In multinomial logistic regression analysis, model-I, II, and III showed a statistically significant (p<0.05) association between serum albumin with CVDs.

Conclusion: This study concluded, low serum albumin was found in patients with CVDs and it was significantly associated with CVDs. Therefore, measurement of serum albumin can be performed routinely in patients with CVDs.

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Yadav, N. K., Pokharel, D. R., Kathayat, G., Sigdel, M., & Hussain, I. (2021). Association between serum albumin and cardiovascular diseases among adult population of Kaski district, Nepal. Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 4(1), 26–30. https://doi.org/10.3126/acclm.v4i1.42678

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Section

Original Articles