Changing trends in antibiotic susceptibility pattern among clinical isolates of Pseudomonas species in a tertiary care hospital in Nepal

Authors

  • Deependra Hamal Department of Microbiology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Dharm Raj Bhatt Department of Microbiology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Rajani Shrestha Department of Microbiology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Supram HS Department of Microbiology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Niranjan Nayak Department of Microbiology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Shishir Gokhale Department of Microbiology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Sulochana Parajuli Department of Microbiology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/acclm.v4i1.42674

Keywords:

Antibiotic resistance, Pseudomonas spp

Abstract

Background: Pseudomonas spp is notoriously known to be important agent of hospital as well as community acquired infections. These organisms are resistant to many antibiotics by intrinsic and acquired mechanisms making infections difficult to treat. Regular surveillance of infection and antibiotic resistance patterns is necessary for selection of appropriate antibiotics for treatment.

Methods: Non repeating Pseudomonas spp isolated from all clinical samples during the year 2017-2019 were included in the study. Identification of Isolates were done by standard conventional tests and antibiotics sensitivity test was done by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method following the CLSI guidelines, 2017.

Results: A total of 42,545 specimens comprising of sputum, blood, pus, urine, body fluids and endotracheal tubes were processed during the entire 3 year period. There was significant increase (p-value <0.05) in yearly isolation rate of Pseudomonas spp i.e. 141(7.95%), 197(12.14%) and 303(15.69%) isolates in the year 2017, 2018, and 2019 respectively. Resistance rates of the isolates to cefoparazone sulbactam, Piperacillin Tazobactam, and Tobramycin was significantly decreasing (p-value <0.05). Overall resistance to ceftazidime (66.13%) was alarming. Decrease in MDR isolates were statistically significant over 3 years e.g. 32(22.69%), 31(15.73%) and 37(12.21%) isolates in the year 2017, 2018 and 2019 respectively (p-value <0.05).

Conclusion: The rate of infection of Pseudomonas spp is significantly increasing. There was gradual decrease in number of resistant isolates and MDR isolates over the peri-od starting from 2017 to 2019 which is a favorable trend. The possible factors playing role have to be further studied, identified and promoted.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
90
PDF
106

Downloads

Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Hamal, D., Bhatt, D. R., Shrestha, R., HS, S., Nayak, N., Gokhale, S., & Parajuli, S. (2021). Changing trends in antibiotic susceptibility pattern among clinical isolates of Pseudomonas species in a tertiary care hospital in Nepal. Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 4(1), 6–12. https://doi.org/10.3126/acclm.v4i1.42674

Issue

Section

Original Articles